Herbert H. Lehman

Herbert Henry Lehman ( born March 28, 1878 in New York City; † December 5, 1963 ) was an American politician and 1933-1942 Governor of the State of New York.

Between 1949 and 1957 he represented his state in the U.S. Senate.

Early years

Herbert Lehman, was born as the son of Mayer Lehman, one of the three founders of 2008 collapsed investment bank Lehman Brothers. Herbert attended the Sachs Collegiate Institute and then to 1899 the Williams College. He then worked in the family owned bank. During the First World War he was a colonel in the U.S. Army.

Political Rise and Governor of New York

Herbert Lehman became a member of the Democratic Party and supported the gubernatorial and presidential campaigns of Al Smith. In 1928 he was treasurer of his party. Since 1929 he served as Lieutenant Governor of New York Deputy Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt, as his successor, he was elected on November 8, 1932. Lehmann took up his new post on 1 January 1933 which he held after several re- elections until December 3, 1942.

At the beginning of his reign the country was still suffering from the severe global economic crisis. During the 1930s, the situation improved with the help of the New Deal policies of the federal government under President Roosevelt. In Lehman's term in office, unemployment was also introduced in New York State and adopted some of the other New Deal measures. Lehman was a supporter of Roosevelt and the New Deal, in contrast to Al Smith. In addition, a race committee was established. A constitutional amendment extended the term of office of the governors of two to four years. His last year as governor was overshadowed by the events of World War II, which includes New York had to make a contribution. On December 3, 1942 Governor Lehman resigned from his post to become director of a federal agency (Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations ).

U.S. Senator

In 1946, Herbert Lehman ran unsuccessfully for a seat in the U.S. Senate. Following the resignation of Senator Robert F. Wagner, John Foster Dulles (1888-1959) was first determined as temporary successor as Class 3 category Senator. In the by-elections due but Lehman was able to prevail against Dulles and conquer this mandate. After he was confirmed in the congressional elections of 1950 in this office, he was able to remain between 9 November 1949 and March 3, 1957 in the Senate. There he was seen as liberal, making him the enemy of the conservative Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin. In Congress, Lehman has exercised but not in a leading position. In 1956, he opted not to run again. Herbert Lehman died in 1963 in New York City. With his wife Edith Altshul he had three children. Lehman was also the recipient of numerous medals and awards.