Lienz District

The district Lienz [li: ɛnt ͜ s] is an administrative district in the Austrian state of Tyrol. He is congruent with East Tyrol.

  • 4.1 Economics
  • 4.2 traffic



The Lienz district, the largest district of Tyrol and fourth largest of Austria, is separated by an approximately 9.5 kilometer strip of South Tyrol and Salzburg area ( the South Tyrol Ahrntal ) of North Tyrol and forms an exclave of the federal state of Tyrol ( see also List of exclaves and enclaves ). East Tyrol borders the provinces of Salzburg and Carinthia and the Italian regions of Trentino-Alto Adige and Veneto. The main valleys of the district are the Pusteria, the Isel, the Defereggental, the Virgen Valley, Kals Valley and the Tyrol 's Gail Valley; large areas of the district are occupied by the mountains of the Hohe Tauern and the Carnic Alps.

Main rivers of the district are the Drava and in Lienz opening into the Drava river Isel. The most important tributaries of the river Isel are the Tauernbach, the Kalserbach and Schwarzach, the Drava is again fed in East Tyrol from Villgratenbach and Debantbach. Another important river in the district is the Gail, by the Tilliacher Valley ( Gail Valley ) flows, and also ultimately leads to Villach ( Carinthia ) in the Drava.


East Tyrol is dominated by the Hohe Tauern, where Venediger Granatspitzgruppe, Glockner group, Schober group, Goldberg Group, Rieserfernergruppe, Kreuzeckgruppe and Villgratner mountains lie wholly or partly on East Tyrol area. In the South Tyrol has also share in the Gail Valley Alps ( Lienz Dolomites ) and the Carnic main ridge.

Neighbouring sites

NUTS breakdown: AT333 East Tyrol

In the run for the official statistics of the EU NUTS breakdown Tyrol is one of the five groups of districts (NUTS: AT -2) in Tirol, carries the code AT333 and includes the political district.

Historical Overview

The State of Tyrol, former county in the Habsburg Empire, which was divided at the end of the First World War between Austria and Italy, is divided into four parts: North and East Tyrol ( the Lienz district ) belong together as Tyrol with its capital Innsbruck remains to Austria, South Tyrol ( the Autonomous Province of Bolzano / Alto -Adige ) with the city of Bolzano and the Trentino ( Trento, Trentino / Trento), with its capital Trento Italy and came to form the Italian region Trentino -Alto Adige. Today, the four parts of the country in Austria and Italy form the common European Region Tyrol - South Tyrol - Trentino.

Economy and infrastructure


The economy of the district is dominated by the service sector, here is mainly dominated by trade and tourism.

Significant industrial and commercial sites are Lienz and Sillian, large production plants are to be found in the fields of engineering and construction.

The district has a large proportion of commuters, goals are primarily the Innsbruck area, the neighboring Upper Carinthia and the province of Salzburg.


The shortest road connection from North Tyrol via the Felbertauernstraße ( B108 ) and the Felbertauerntunnel ( about 5.3 miles) in the Pinzgau. From the central junction Lienz next to the Felbertauernstraße branch ( B108 ) nor roads in the Val Pusteria (B100 ) direction of South Tyrol and in the Drau valley direction from Carinthia.

The railway line Sillian -Lienz ( Oberdrauburg ) binds the district to transport standard. The public transport links from Lienz to the provincial capital of Innsbruck is ensured by daily regional express trains on the South Tyrolean region and the burner.

Furthermore, the Lienz district is accessible by the airfield Lienz - Nikolsdorf also by air.


The Lienz district comprises 33 municipalities, including the City of Lienz and the market towns of Matrei in East Tyrol, Nussdorf- Debant and Sillian. The largest community of East Tyrol measured by number of inhabitants is the capital Lienz with currently 11,779 residents. Excessive population counterpart of Lienz is the smallest municipality of the country, the community Untertilliach with 249 inhabitants. By area, the largest municipality is Matrei with a municipal area of ​​277.75 square kilometers, with Matrei is the second largest municipality of Tyrol. The area 's smallest county is the community Gaimberg with only 7.28 square kilometer municipality.