26 014 ( March 31, 2013 )
Molde is a city in Norway and the administrative center of Møre og Romsdal Fylke.
Location and data
The city of Molde is situated at the Molde Fjord. Main occupation of the inhabitants is the traditional industry, especially the production of furniture and lights ( Glamox ). Molde is also called by Rosenes, ie " City of Roses", as there are still growing due to the relatively mild climate roses that actually further south have their growth limit. Also here are still growing chestnut, maple, linden, oak, beech and ash. Reason for this unusual vegetation is an extension of the Gulf Stream in cooperation with the protected location on the fjord.
The structural fabric of the city is mainly recent, since Molde was destroyed in 1940 as the last headquarters of the Norwegian army for the most part by German forces. Since the founding of the university in 1994 Molde Molde is a city of students.
The city's name is derived from the Norwegian word for topsoil - " Mold " -, since the first settlers vorfanden at this point unusually fertile soil. The present city of Molde was established in the mid-15th century. In addition to timber production, it was primarily the export of herring, which allowed the city to grow rapidly. In 1742, Molde became a city. During World War II, the city was almost completely destroyed by the German Luftwaffe. Since the 1950s, the city presents itself as a modern city with numerous well-kept gardens.
Since the year 1961 can be found here every year the nationally known jazz festival Moldejazz place that attracts thousands of musicians and tourists. In addition to the Jazz Festival, there's the literary festival Bjørnson Festival, which brings very interesting for internationally renowned authors to Molde.
Molde is more than 100 years the ships of the Hurtigruten pier. Here the north and southbound ships meet every evening in the harbor. ARO located near the city's airport is with around 300,000 passengers per year to the largest regional airports in the country. Molde is located near the Atlantic Road, a popular route with tourists.
The most popular sports clubs in the city are the Molde Molde Fotballklubb and Håndballklubb.
Today's building fabric of the city is largely emerged after the end of World War II, as Molde was destroyed in 1940 as the last quarter of the Norwegian king Haakon VII for the most part by German forces. The so-called Royal Birch is sign of remembrance for the German occupation of Norway in World War II.
In 1957 the newly constructed cathedral with the striking free-standing bell tower of the altarpiece of the church built in 1940 predecessor depends. The central Reknesparken with a monument of the writer Alexander Kielland is well worth seeing, as some outlying Romsdal Museum, an outdoor museum with reconstructed historical buildings from the province of Møre og Romsdal. The mountain Varden (407 moh. ) Also provides a good view of Molde as the 696 moh. high mountain Tusten. Not only are these two mountains draw the region around Molde, but the total of 222 partly snow -covered, mountain peaks provide a unique landscape and great views. North of town is the recreation and hiking area Moldemarka with its unusually rich vegetation of this region.
The most striking building on the seaward side of the city is the Seilet Rica Hotels, whose architecture is inspired by the shape of a sailing ship glass construction.
Molde has the following sister cities:
- Czech Republic Ceska Lipa in the Czech Republic
- Slovakia Bardejov in Slovakia
- Lithuania Kelmė in Lithuania
Sons and daughters of the town
- Nini Roll Anker (1873-1942), author
- Kurt Asle Arvesen ( born 1975 ), cyclist
- Håvard Bjerkeli ( b. 1977 ), cross-country skiers
- Kjell Magne Bondevik (* 1947), politician
- Ane Brun (born 1976 ), singer-songwriter
- Andrine Flemmen (* 1974), alpine skier
- Lars Hansen (1869-1944), writer
- Marianne Kjørstad (* 1970), alpine skier
- Ingolf Mork (1947-2012), ski jumpers
- Paal Nilssen -Love ( born 1974 ), jazz drummer
- Kjetil André Rekdal ( b. 1968 ), football player and coach
- Trine Bakke Rognmo (* 1975), alpine skier
- Kjell Inge Røkke (born 1958 ), businessman
- Jim Svenøy (* 1972), hurdler
- Stian Vatne (* 1974), handball players
- Terje Venaas ( born 1947 ), jazz bassist
People who were with Molde in conjunction
- In Molde Nobel laureate Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson attended school.
- Henrik Ibsen spent his vacation here several times.
- Alexander Kielland, a Norwegian poet, lived here and was President of Møre og Romsdal.
- Kaiser Wilhelm II spent 1889-1914 with the exception of 1905, the summer in Fiordland and in Molde.
- The poet and writer Kurt Schwitters ( Dadaism ) spent several summers on the island ahead of Molde Hjertøya. There is now a small museum Schwitters.