Autobianchi A112E ( 1969-1973 )
The Autobianchi A112 is a supermini car produced by the Italian car brand Autobianchi.
The A112 is a compact car to the Fiat Group introduced under the brand Autobianchi on October 2, 1969 in Italy and on the German market in 1970. In the 17- year construction period incurred seven series, which differ mainly ( grille, tail lights, interior ) in the form of attachments.
From 1977 ( Series IV ) began to market the vehicle outside of Italy under the brand Lancia Lancia A112. Fiat - the parent company of both Autobianchi and Lancia - decided in 1975 to put the Autobianchi plant under the direction Lancias, as most traders already led both brands and so the Lancia program was to round down. At this time the A112 was already the only remaining Autobianchi model.
After 1,254,381 copies, the production in December 1986 has been set.
- I ( 10.1969 to 01.1973 ) Series:
Original version with white flashing lights
- Series II ( 01.1973 to 12.1975 ):
- Series III ( 12.1975 to 11.1977 ):
Plastic bumpers instead of the previous chrome bumpers
- Series IV ( 12.1977 to 01.1979 ):
A big upgrade with redesigned turn signals, new front and rear panels, plastic trim surrounds for the headlights down the extended grille, recessed taillights, new bumpers front and rear, edged styled roof, newly designed dashboard; Versions: Normal, Elegant, Abarth
- Series V ( 01.1979 to 01.1982 ):
Redesigned front grille with additional bar and vertical grid. New, framed by plastic strips taillights; Versions: Junior, Elegant, Elite, Abarth
- Series VI ( 01.1982 to 12.1984 ):
Additional bar at the Grill is omitted, higher scheduled bumpers front and rear, front turn signals in the bumper and new taillights, transfer the license plate between the taillights; Versions: Junior, Elite, LX, Abarth
- Series VII ( 12.1984 to 12.1986 ):
Recesses for the fog lamps in the front bumper, fog lamps only had the Abarth version. Panel between the taillights, license plate recess in the rear bumper; Versions: Junior, Elite, LX, Abarth - from 1985 unified ( " unificata ")
Autobianchi A112 Elite ( 1979-1982 )
Autobianchi A112 Abarth ( 1984-1986 )
The vehicle was powered by a gasoline engine with four cylinders, 903 cc or 965 cc and 31 kW (39 hp) to 35 kW (48 hp).
The engine capacity was enlarged for greater Abarth models up to 1049 cc, the strongest version made 51 kW (70 hp).
The technique came from Fiat or subsequently acquired. The A112 thus originated the modular principle and was the precursor of the later published Fiat 127
The self-supporting body had a tailgate, two doors and five seats.
There were four independently suspended wheels, with front MacPherson struts and simple wishbones and stabilizer rear with a transverse leaf spring Two trapezoidal wishbones and damper struts.
The short wheelbase had the advantage of giving the vehicle agility, on the other hand tended the A112 but - in an otherwise clear tendency to understeer - when braking in curves - to an abrupt oversteer.
Before 1979, the dashboard had large round instruments. All models, except the A112 Junior, the A112 Abarth were with tachometer, also fitted on the passenger side with voltmeter, oil pressure gauge and oil thermometer. Oil pressure gauge and oil thermometer were placed in the completely redesigned dashboard from 1979 in the center console below the heating control. The main instruments were square shaped in the now square -designed dashboard.
All engines are based on the engine block of the Fiat 600 with four cylinders, three- bearing crankshaft, camshaft in ( via a timing chain driven ), lifters, bumpers, rocker arms and overhead valves in an aluminum head. The bore is maxed out at the Abarth versions 67.2 mm. The firing order of the cylinders is always: 1-3-2-4.
The 903- cm3 engine was available over the entire 17 -year construction period of the A112.
903 cm ³
- Bore / Stroke: 65 x 68 mm
- Power: 38 hp (28 kW) to 49 hp ( 36 kW) at 5500 min-1
- Torque: 67 Nm at 2800 min -1
- Maximum speed: 130-140 km / h
982 cc ( A112 Abarth 58 HP )
- Bore / Stroke: 65 x 74
- Compression ratio: 10.1:1
- Power: 58 hp ( 43 kW ) at 6600 min-1
- Torque: 75 Nm at 3800 min-1
- Maximum speed: 151 km / h
1049 cc ( A112 Abarth 70 HP )
- Bore / Stroke: 67.2 * 74
- Compression ratio: 10,4:1
- Power: 70 hp (51 kW) at 6600 min-1
- Torque: 87 Nm at 4100 min-1
- Maximum speed: 161 km / h
1060 cc ( A112 Abarth 85 HP i.e. (prototype) )
- Bore / Stroke: 67.2 * 76
- Compression ratio: 11.5:1
- Power: 85 hp (63 kW) at 6800 min-1
- Torque: 94 Nm at 3600 min-1
- Mechanical injection
- Maximum speed: 164-176 km / h ( depending on the translation )
The front wheels were driven by a single dry and a fully synchronized four-speed transmission. From 1978 there were fully synchronized five-speed gearbox for the XL, XEL and Abarth models. A three-speed automatic (from the Fiat 128 ) was offered only on the Italian market from 1972 to 1974 in the XEL equipment.
Fuel consumption in liters per 100 km gem. ECE standard
- Length: 3228 mm to 3246 mm
- Width: 1480 mm to 1645 mm
- Height: 1160 mm to 1360 mm
- Wheelbase: 2038 mm
- Front track: 1250 mm to 1420 mm
- Rear track: 1224 mm to 1346 mm
- Empty weight: 598 kg to 780 kg
- Unladen weight, road ready 625 kg to 805 kg
- Gross vehicle weight: 1240 kg to 1310 kg
- Trailer weight unbraked 350 kg braked: 900 kg to 1200 kg
The Autobianchi A112 has the following security features:
- Dual-circuit brake system
- Front disc brakes
- Mechanical brake control on the rear axle
- Brake booster ( only Abarth 70 HP 1974-1977 )
- Safety steering column with two universal joints
- Automatic seat belts front, back from 1978
- Front headrests from 1978
An A112 Abarth 70 HP ( 5.Serie ) appears in the video game Gran Turismo 4 for the PlayStation 2 by Sony.
Olivier Panis, former Formula 1 driver, mentioned in an interview that his first car was a " Autobianchi Abarth " was. Since there is no other " Autobianchi Abarth " as the A112, he obviously meant a A112 Abarth.
In the 70 years the A112 Abarth 58 HP in Italy by the Polizia Municipale ( municipal police ) was used as emergency vehicle.