Like other Lancia models developed by the 1950 featured Aurelia was the Fulvia after a classical Roman road - here Via Fulvia - named.
The Fulvia was available in Berlina ( sedan ) and as Coupé. In addition, there was as usual a Lancia Zagato at Carrozzeria designed and built in small series hatchback coupe with the traditional name of sport. The technical concept of the Fulvia is by Antonio Fessia, the mold was designed by Pietro Castagnero Lancia.
The Lancia Fulvia was based on the published in the fall of 1960 Lancia Flavia larger. Both models had the first time very advanced front-wheel drive and clear straight lines. All Fulvia models had disc brakes, a sophisticated chassis made for an excellent roadholding.
In the fall of 1972, this system of naming was changed again, because of the built under Fiat - directed sequel to the Fulvia was the Lancia Beta.
- Fulvia Berlina 2.1
- 2.2 Fulvia Coupé
- 2.3 Fulvia Sport
- Fulvia Berlina 3.1
- 3.2 Fulvia Coupé
- 3.3 Fulvia Sport
First series (1963-1969)
At its market launch in autumn 1963, only the four-door sedan was available. In the spring of 1965 was introduced to complement the delicate coupe, which was also used in a special rally version for many years in racing and also won titles.
End of 1965, a particularly noble-looking coupe variant called Fulvia Sport was still present, which was also available in a sporty Zagato design.
The Lancia Fulvia Berlina 1C was powered by a V4 engine with a cylinder angle of just 13 °. The 1091- cc engine was fitted with a tilt of 45 ° and had two overhead camshafts. With a single carburetor, it made 44 kW (58 PS) at 5800 rpm, just enough to accelerate with 1040 kg relatively heavy sedan to 138 km / h.
From autumn 1964, the Fulvia 2C was offered. Two Solex twin carburettor increased the power to 71 hp and provided for better performance.
From the beginning of 1967 Lancia added the range to include the GT version in the 1.2-liter class, which made 80 hp. The engine, there were three variants Displacement ( cc 1199 [79 PS], 1216 cc, 1231 cc ).
Mid- 1968, the Fulvia GTE, a sedan with the more powerful 1298 cc engine with 87 hp at 6000 rpm.
Lancia Fulvia Berlina GT (1967-1969)
At the Turin Motor Show Lancia introduced in March 1965 before the elegant Fulvia 1.2 Coupé. With its timeless, graceful design, the Fulvia coupe is considered the masterpiece of Pietro Castagneros. The Fulvia coupe was based on the shortened wheelbase at 2330 mm floor unit of the sedan. With an enlarged to 1216 cc engine with 59 kW (80 PS) at 6000 rpm, improved suspension, only 960 kg weight and a drag coefficient of 0.39 reached the Coupe of the first series a speed of 160 km / h From spring 1967 until the end of 1969 there was the Fulvia 1.2 Coupé with unchanged performance with a 1231- cc engine.
Beginning of 1966, the Coupe Fulvia 1.2 HF in the trade. The 1216 cc engine was now powered by 65 kW ( 88 hp ), the weight was reduced by aluminum hoods and plexiglass to 825 kg. With this model, the series of sporting successes of Fulvia series began.
In the spring of 1967, the Lancia Fulvia Coupé was presented 1.3, the engine now had a displacement of 1298 cc and made 64 kW ( 87 PS) at 6000 rpm.
The Fulvia 1.3 HF produced from spring 1967 to the end of 1969 reached its 74 kW (101 hp) from 1298 cm ³ at 6400/min a speed of 174 km / h
In autumn 1968 the coupe Fulvia 1.3 S Rallye equipped with the vacuum brake booster and the oil cooler of Fulvia 1.3 HF appeared. The engine now developed 70 kW ( 93 hp) at 6200 rpm.
The end of 1968 Lancia showed at the Turin Motor Show, the Lancia Fulvia Coupé 1.6 HF. The so-called " 540 " engine with its characteristic yellow valve covers now had a capacity of 1584 cm ³. The cylinder angle of the V -4 engine was only 11 ° 20 '. The enlarged to 40 mm Solex carburettors and a compression ratio of 10.5:1 it made now 86 kW (114 hp) at 6000 rpm - enough for 180 km / h Almost simultaneously offered the work to a " variant 1016 " called sport version. A sharper camshaft, 45 - mm - Solexvergaser and increased to 11.3:1 compression increased the power to 99 kW (132 hp) at 6600/min and the speed to 190 km / h Both versions now had a five-speed gearbox and alloy wheels and had a weight of 850 kg. Because of the large beam headlights Fulvia 1.6 HF was nicknamed " Fanalone ".
The third body version of the Fulvia was designed by Ercole Spada at Zagato on behalf of Lancia: the presented end of 1965 Lancia Fulvia Sport, a coupe, which looks completely different from the other variants. All versions of the Fulvia Sport was manufactured at the Terrazano di Rho with a lot of manual work.
Mechanically identical to the Fulvia 1.2 Coupé, ensured improved aerodynamics, a weight-reducing aluminum body and a modified gear ratio for driving pleasure and a higher top speed. At 915 kg Weight of Fulvia Sport of the first series reached 169 km / h
As in the extravagant Flavia Sport was also reflected in the more conventional Fulvia Sport Open the rear window electric, to ensure good ventilation of the interior.
The development of the Coupé also had an impact on the Fulvia Sport: In 1967, the Fulvia Sport 1.3 with the enlarged to 1298 cc engine with 87 hp. The first 709 vehicles of Fulvia Sport 1.3 still got the aluminum body. The later had a steel body, bonnet and doors were further made from aluminum. This resulted in much better stability at an additional weight of 20 kg.
In the fall of 1968, the Lancia Fulvia Sport 1.3 S appeared: as the coupe Fulvia 1.3 S he was fitted with the vacuum brake booster and the oil cooler of the Fulvia HF. As usual, the Zagato version was slightly faster: the Fulvia Sport 1.3 S reached 180 km / h and 7 km / h more than the same as motorized coupe.
Second series (1969-1976)
On October 24, 1969 Fiat Lancia took over the firm. Despite many restructuring the three variants of the Lancia Fulvia continued to run from the band, they were revised at the same time visually and technically.
The presented shortly after the takeover Fulvia sedan had like all models of the second series, a five-speed transmission and improved Lancia / Girling super duplex brake system, a dual-circuit brake system, of which the first circuit, the rear wheel brake cylinders and two of four brake cylinders of the front axle and the second group comprised the other two cylinders of the front axle.
Externally were a changed grilles with black ribs and the oval taillights, the feature of the modified Fulvia.
In October 1972, the production of the sedan was discontinued.
The Lancia Fulvia Coupe 1.3 S of the second series was built from mid- 1970 to early 1976, under the same name as early as the late first series. Like all cars of second series had the new Fulvia 1.3 S is a derived from the 1.6 HF 5 -speed gearbox ( there " put " yet the 4- speed transmission ) and super duplex brake system. The 1298 cc engine now developed 90 hp at 6000 rpm, the top speed was 170 km / h
Based on the sporting successes of 1600 HF Coupe The two special models " Monte Carlo" and "Safari" were made on this basis. Both were distinguished by slight adaptations to the body ( rear wheel arches ) otherwise only a few facilities offered by the standard model. However, all three models had the same seats with integrated head restraints, ( " 1600 RF seats " )
Between mid- 1970 and the spring of 1973, the Lancia Fulvia 1600 HF was produced in two versions: 1600 and 1600 HF HF Lusso. This model was a comfort- oriented compared to the sporty Fulvia 1.6 HF in the first series coupe with the ( almost) same 1584 cc engine and only slightly worse performance. In both embodiments (1.6 HF HF and 1600 ) are the same carburettor sizes were used (42). Both 1600 models reaching speeds of up to 190 km / h
The Coupé 1600 HF Lusso offered something more than the scaled- Competition- Model 1600 RF: bumpers front and rear with lights and turn signals, chrome windscreen frame at the front and rear, triangular vent windows, door lights, side interior trim, carpet and floor mats ( in addition to the rubber mat set ), spare wheel cover, forward folding backrests of the driver seats, armrests and door handles, insulation and paneling ( silencing mats ).
The last variant was built by the spring of 1975 to early 1976 Fulvia 3 to distinguish from Fulvia 1.3 S by fashionable white -backed instruments. In this model, observe to was already thinner body sheet used ( 0.5 mm instead of 0.7 mm).
Lancia Fulvia Coupé 1600 HF (1970-1973)
Lancia Fulvia HF ( 1973)
Between mid- 1970 and the end of 1972 was the Fulvia Sport 1.3 S produced. Mechanically, the car with the 1.3 S Coupe of the second series the same. The somewhat simplified Zagato body was now completely out of steel. Despite the increased weight of 960 kg, the Fulvia Sport reaching 180 km / h
The well-known from the 1584 cc engine of the 1600 HF Fulvia Sport 1600 was driven more comfortable: he possessed the only Fulvia electric windows. From Fulvia Sport 1.3 S model, it is to be distinguished by recessed door handles and a matte black stripes on the hood. With its 114 -hp engine, the car accelerated to 190 km / h
Lancia Fulvia Sport Zagato 1.3 II ( 1971)
At the end of production Fulvia was the hitherto most successful car of Lancia. A total of nearly 340,000 vehicles were built, of which about 190,000 sedans and coupes 140,000.
- Fulvia 1C ( 1963-1967 ): 32,200
- Fulvia 2C ( 1964-1967 ): 48 266
- Fulvia GT (1967-1969): 33 779
- Fulvia GTE (1968/1969): 10,386
- Fulvia Berlina (second series; 1969-1972 ): 64 006
- Total: 188 637
- Fulvia 1.2 ( 1965-1967 ): 20 436
- Fulvia 1.2 HF ( 1966-1967 ): 435
- Fulvia 1.3 ( 1967-1969 ): 17,850
- Fulvia 1.3 HF ( 1967-1969 ): 882
- Fulvia 1.3 S ( 1968-1970 ): 16,827
- Fulvia 1.6 HF ( 1969-1970 ): 1258th
- Fulvia 1.3 S ( second series; 1970-1976 ): 78 419 including special models Fulvia 1.3 S " Monte Carlo" (4400)
- Fulvia 3 " Monte Carlo" ( 2529 )
- Fulvia "Safari" (900)
- Fulvia 3 ( 25,334 )
- Fulvia Sport 1.2 ( 1965-1967 ): 202
- Fulvia Sport 1.3 ( 1967 to 1969 ): 1602.
- Fulvia Sport 1.3 S ( 1968-1970 ): 1898.
- Fulvia Sport 1.3 S ( second series; 1970-1972 ): 2600.
- Fulvia Sport 1600 (1971-1972): 800
- Total: 7102
The coupe version of the Fulvia was also built in a special version for rallying. The Lancia Fulvia Coupe Rallye 1.6 HF was equipped with a 1584 cc engine with 132 hp at 6600/min and a 5-speed gearbox. The vehicle took off in 1969 participated in the World Rally Championship, which won the Lancia team with this car in 1972. In the same year, the Lancia factory team with Sandro Munari won at the wheel of the prestigious Monte Carlo Rally. The power of the 1584 cc engine was now increased to 158 hp at 7200 rpm. With its low weight of 830 kg, and its front-wheel drive, the Fulvia coupe was a strong opponent of the Porsche 911 and Renault Alpine. Especially on bad roads was the drive concept of the Lancia superior to the more powerful rear-wheel drive vehicles and secured the little coupe many victories.
After the introduction of the legendary Stratos HF in 1972 Fulvia from the factory rally team was withdrawn. One of the last race of a Lancia Fulvia coupe was the Rally Safari 1974: Munari / Drews reached the third place. The almost countless missions of the Fulvia Coupé November 7, 1965 to April 14, 1974 Lancia launched decades of dominance in rallying a.
Fulvia concept car
2003 Lancia presented a study which in turn was named Fulvia. The sports coupe was powered by a 1800 cc engine with four cylinders and 16 valves. The power output of 103 kW ( 140 hp ) was the strongest RF coupe similar. The body was made entirely of aluminum and provides in connection with modern aerodynamics a top speed of 213 km / h
The basis of this study was the Fiat Barchetta, whose production end was already in sight. Why was not this vehicle despite the very positive response from the audience in series.
- W. O. Weernink: Lancia. Engine book publishing, 1992, ISBN 3-613-01503- X.
- B. Long: Lancia Sporting Coupes. The Crowood Press, ISBN 1-86126-561-1.
- P. Casucci: Lancia Fulvia HF. Editoriale Domus, ISBN 88-7672-005-7.
- Lancia (ed. ): The History of Lancia from 1906 to 1989. Issued by the factory brochure (units)
- Lancia Typenkompass. Engine book publishing, 2007, ISBN 978-3-613-02593-6, pp. 46-54.
- Lancia - innovation and fascination: 100 eventful years. Heel Verlag, 2006, ISBN 3-89880-649-9, pp. 60-69.