Gabarnac is a commune with 324 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) in the Gironde department in the region of Aquitaine. It belongs to the canton in the Arrondissement Cadillac Langon and the Local Government Association, Coteaux de Garonne.


Gabarnac located in the southwest of France in the region of Entre -deux-mers near the Garonne, 35 km south-east of Bordeaux, the capital of the Aquitaine region, and 3.5 kilometers southeast from the cantonal capital of Cadillac, on an average height of 72 meters above sea level. The village is surrounded by the neighboring communities Loupiac, Monprimblanc and Barsac. The municipality has an area of ​​521 hectares, of which 230 hectares are used as a vineyard. Gabarnac consists of 21 hamlets and farmsteads.

Gabarnac is a climate of type Cfb ( according to Köppen and Geiger ) assigned: Warm Temperate rain climate ( C ), fully wet ( f), the warmest month below 22 ° C, at least four months above 10 ° C ( b). There is a maritime climate with moderate summer.


The Roman road Via Aquitania resulted from Bordeaux ( Burdigala ) by Cérons ( Sirio ) to Toulouse ( Tolosa ). Gabarnac is on the road department d299, which was in the Gallo -Roman period (52 BC to 486 AD ) to the Via Aquitania.

The 21 Weiler Gabarnacs were originally 21 large farms, which differed for example, by the activities of its inhabitants. The differences led to the development of place-names. The place name Gabarnac to have originated from a Gallo- Roman name, was at a time when family names are not already in use. In the hamlet Le Matelot lived from 1747 the clog maker Michel Mathelot. One went " to Mathelot " to buy new wooden shoes, the local name originated. In the hamlet Le Fourneau ( the stove ') lived and worked before the Köhler.

1793 Gabarnac received in the wake of the French Revolution ( 1789-1799 ) the status of a municipality and 1801 by the administrative reform under Napoleon Bonaparte ( 1769-1821) the right to local self-government. By the end of the 19th century Gabarnac possessed but no private Mairie (, mayor ') or school, but had the effect of Monprimblanc dependent. A " community center ", which served as mayor and school was built in 1889 in the hamlet Bidonnet. In the same year there were about 50 children enrolled. 1892, the school library has been established.

Culture and sights

Near the hamlet Balan is a mill that was built in 1746. Your roof is covered with straw. It is privately owned.

In the hamlet Faugas stands the castle Faugas. The original residential building dates from the 13th or 14th century. In the 16th century it was enlarged. The farm buildings dating from the 16th century, rebuilt in the 18th century. In the 20th century a tower was damaged and rebuilt. The castle is privately owned.

The church of Saint -Seurin dates from the 11th or 12th or 13th century. The sacristy was built in the 18th century, the entrance portal of the 12th or 13th century is richly decorated and was restored in 1899. The building and the portal are registered in the Register of Monuments historiques additional ( historical monuments '). In the church there is a Pieta from the 16th century. The sculpture was classified in 1971 as a monument historique. The half-timbered rectory was built in the 17th century and restored in the 18th century.


Main industry in Gabarnac is the wine. The vineyards are among the oldest vineyards of the Entre -deux-mers. The wines of the community bear the appellations Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux and Cadillac Gabarnac. There are the white grape varieties Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle grown and red grape varieties Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon.