Hamilton (Ontario)

Hamilton [ ˌ hæməltən ] is a city with half a million inhabitants in the province of Ontario in Canada. It is located about 70 km southwest of Toronto at the west end of the 19,011 km ² of Ontario.


The Mohawk Indians were the first inhabitants in the area of Hamilton. Today, there are south of Hamilton towards Brantford (City of Indian chief Joseph Brant ), the largest Canadian Indian reserve: Six Nations of the Grand River, Six Nations of the great river '.

The first Europeans at this location was 1616 Étienne Brûlé. After the American Revolution settled in the area Great Britain against loyal citizens. In the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain, there was a battle in the Hamilton's community of Stoney Creek.


The population was till 2001 331.100 people; after the incorporation of five municipalities in the year 2001 it stood at 519 949 2011. Hamilton together with the surrounding communities Burlington and Grimsby comprises 721 053 inhabitants (as of 2011).

There is a small German -speaking community, with a church, the Germania Club, the Swiss restaurant Zuri, the Black Forest Inn Restaurant and the European market because Ingers. The largest wave of immigration of German - Canadians occurred between 1946 and 1954.

Economy and infrastructure

Because of its history as an industrial city from the mid- 19th to the mid 20th century, Hamilton is also called Ambitious City, Steel City, Steel City ', The Hammer, Lunchbucket City or Scumilton. The two largest steel mills are Stelco ( with union ) and Dofasco ( non-union ). As a major steel producer, the city was notorious for its bad air for a long time, but in the meantime grab environmental protection measures also included two steel plants.

Today, however, more people are working in the medical industry. Also, there are many jobs in science, government, service and technology. The city has its own airport, the Hamilton airport, is located in the grounds and the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, an exhibition of historic military aircraft.

The city has a university ( McMaster University) and is adjacent to one of the largest wine regions of Canada ( Niagara Peninsula). See also the article viticulture in Canada.

Sights and culture

  • Dundurn Castle, castle of a Prime Minister of the Province of Canada from the 19th century
  • Industrial Museum of the art of the 19th century
  • Royal Botanic Garden
  • McMaster Museum of Art
  • Military Aviation Museum Canadian Warplane Heritage
  • HMCS Haida museum ship
  • City Art Museum


Select the Alt- Hamilton's majority Social Democratic politician who Neueinwohner contrast, conservative politicians, for example:

  • Sam Lawrence, the "workers ' mayor ', 1940
  • Ellen Fairclough, conservative, first woman in a federal ministry, 1957
  • Lincoln Alexander, moderate conservative, the first Canadian of African descent in Parliament (1968), the first in the Ministry (1979) and the first lieutenant governor of a province in Canada (1985 )
  • Victor Copps, mayor (1963-1976)
  • Sheila Copps (daughter of Victor ), left liberal, as Vice Prime Minister in Parliament from 1984 to 2004, the first woman (Prime Deputy Minister, 1993)

Environment and Parks

  • Bruce Trail, 800 km walking route from Niagara Falls to Tobermory according to Georgian Bay
  • Open Air Museum Westfield Heritage Centre
  • Park the Dundasthal
  • Horses and Casino to Flamboro Downs
  • Walkers route from Hamilton to Brantford
  • Zoo of the big cats

Twin Cities