Nathaniel Smith ( born January 6, 1762 Woodbury, Connecticut; † March 9, 1822 ) was an American politician. Between 1795 and 1799 he represented the state of Connecticut in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Nathaniel Smith was the older brother of Nathan Smith (1770-1835), who was sitting 1833-1835 for the State of Connecticut in the U.S. Senate. He was also an uncle of Truman Smith (1791-1884), who represented in both houses of Congress 1839-1855 Connecticut. He attended the common schools and worked in agriculture and as a cattle dealer. After studying law and its made in 1787 admitted to the bar, he began practicing in his new profession in Woodbury.
Smith was the end of the 1790s a member of the Federalist Party, founded by Alexander Hamilton. Between 1789 and 1795 he was a member of the House of Connecticut. In the congressional elections of 1794, which were held all across the state, he was elected for the sixth parliamentary seat of Connecticut in the U.S. House of Representatives. There he met on March 4, 1795 the successor of Jeremiah Wadsworth. After a re-election in 1796 he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1799 two legislative sessions. In 1798 he gave up another candidacy.
From 1800 to 1805 Smith was a member of the Senate of Connecticut. Between 1806 and 1819 he acted as a judge at the Connecticut Supreme Court In 1814, Smith was a delegate to a meeting in Hartford, on the was advised of a possible exit of the New England states from the Union. Background was the resistance against the unpopular in this region British -American War of 1812. Nathaniel Smith died in March 1822 in his birthplace of Woodbury.