View from Stauffenfeld after Ochlenberg
Ochlenberg is a municipality in the Oberaargau the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
Ochlenberg is located at 580 m above sea level. M., 8 km south-southwest of the town of Langenthal ( straight line ). The scattered settlement community extends into the Buchsibergen, a Molassehügelland between the valleys of the west and Oenz Langete in the east, on a terrace east of Stauffenbachtälchens, in the Upper Aargau.
The area of 12.1 km ² large municipality area includes a section of the Bernese Mittelland. The area has a large variety of landscapes with numerous hills and valleys and little flat surfaces. By Stauffenbach with its short side streams of the municipality spell is drained northward to Oenz. In the east the border is largely based on the watershed between the Stauffenbach and Langete and lies on the forest heights of Dornegggütsch ( 739 m above sea level. M. ) and Weidwald (750 m above sea level. M. ). To the south of the municipality of soil in the more in relief terrain extends in the headwaters of Stauffenbachs and reaches Eggstutzwald 808 meters above sea level. M., at the height of the Lindenberg Wäckerschwend above 811 m above sea level. M. the highest point of Ochlenberg. In the west and northwest, the area extends over the heights of Oschwand and spych up to the high plateau of Humbergs ( 597 m above sea level. M. ). From the municipality surface 1997 accounted for 5% on settlements, 33 % of forest and shrubs and 62% to agriculture.
To Ochlenberg includes a number of hamlets, Hofsiedlungen and isolated farmsteads. The important ones are:
- Dornegg (606 m above sea level. M. ) on a terrace west of the Dornegggütsches
- Duppetal ( 566 m above sea level. M. ) west in a small valley of Dornegggütsches
- Willers Hüseren ( 576 m above sea level. M. ) on a terrace east of Stauffenbachtals
- Stauffenbach (541 m above sea level. M. ) on the same stream
- Sulzberg ( 567 m above sea level. M. ) west on the slopes of Stauffenbachs
- Humberg ( Homberg ), consisting of the front Humberg (572 m above sea level. M. ) and Rear Humberg, ( 578 m above sea level. M. ) on the plateau of Humbergs
- Spych (605 m above sea level. M. ) north of the Heidetewaldes
- Oschwand (626 m above sea level. M. ) on a saddle east of Heidetewaldes, only the houses east of the village street belong to Ochlenberg
- Aspi (632 m above sea level. M. ) west on the slopes of Stauffenbachs
- Wäckerschwend ( 738 m above sea level. M. ) in the headwaters of Stauffenbachs
With 573 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) Ochlenberg one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Bern. Of the residents 99.4 % are German, 0.5 % French-speaking and 0.1 % speak Russian ( as of 2000). The population of Ochlenberg amounted 1850 to 1093 inhabitants in 1900 to 914 inhabitants. During the 20th century, the population increased by strong emigration by a further 30%.
Ochlenberg still lives mainly from agriculture, especially from farming, fruit-growing, as well as dairy farming and cattle breeding. Outside the primary sector only a few jobs in the community are available. Some of the working population commuters who work mainly in the region Langenthal - Herzogenbuchsee.
The community is located off the major thoroughfares, but is easily accessible from Thörigen or Herzogenbuchsee. Ochlenberg has no connection to the public transport network.
The first written mention of the village took place only in 1612 under the name Ochliberg. The interpretation of the name is uncertain. Ochlenberg possibly goes back to the Old High German personal name Achilo and therefore means mountain of Achilo.
Since the Middle Ages the area of Ochlenberg was under the Kyburgs and belonged to the court circle Egerden. In 1406 the village came under Bernese rule and the Bailiwick cheeks has been assigned. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime (1798 ) belonged Ochlenberg during the Helvetic Republic to the district from 1803 to the cheeks and upper cheeks Office, which received the status of an office district with the new cantonal constitution of 1831.
In the various hamlets of Ochlenberg characteristic farmhouses of the Bernese country style with storage and sticks from the 17th to 19th centuries have been preserved. Particularly noteworthy are the groups of farms of Dornegg, Ochlenberg, spych, Willers houses and Wäckerschwend. Ochlenberg does not have its own church, it belongs to the parish Herzogenbuchsee.