Peugeot 205 (1983-1990)
The Peugeot 205 is a produced from early 1983 until the end of 1998 small car of the French car manufacturer Peugeot.
The development started in 1978 under the project name M24. He is technically based in many areas of the Series 104, whose successor he finally took. Production was started at the turn of 1982/83 in Mulhouse factory. On February 24, 1983, the Peugeot 205 was brought to market. From the autumn of 1983 it had also existed than diesel. In spring 1984, the sporty GTI came with fuel injection. From 1986, there was the 205 to buy as a convertible. In October 1998, he was replaced by the Model 206.
After five years of development, Peugeot had with the 205 its new brand face. With a total of 5,278,000 vehicles, he was a major success for Peugeot. In the first year of the 205 received numerous awards: he was awarded the Golden Steering Wheel, he was "Best Small Car" and Car of the Year.
In addition to the "civilian" version of the 205, there was also a developed for Group B racing rally car with the name " 205 Turbo 16", who had except the name and the bottom plate little to do with the serial version, but with its racing successes a had great advertising effect.
In Germany, the 205 with a total of 410 510 copies sold of the best selling Peugeot ever was, to him his successor overhauled in 2007 206. In the years 1985 and 1986 he was the most successful import model in Germany.
In July 1996, Peugeot stroked the 205 in Germany, however, from the program, since only about 600 copies were sold in the first half and he due to outdated technology and safety equipment was no longer competitive obviously.
On 31 December 1998 finally rolled the last 205 off the line.
- 3.1 Cabriolet
- 3.2 Multi
- 3.3 Fourgonnette
- 3.4 Turbo 16
- 3.5 prototypes
Initially combinations were of two or three letters used to differentiate the countless model variations from each other, with the facelift these cryptic names were replaced by sounding name.
Not every model was available at all terminals countries, the 205 Trophy was never offered in Germany for example. In part, also distinguished the scope of equipment: In France, the vehicles were equipped with a catalytic relatively late, as he was used in particular for the German market models since the mid- 1980s. In addition to the three - and five-door sedan was built 205 as of spring 1986 Cabriolet by Pininfarina, as well as two truck versions.
Mid-1988 the 205 a discreet facelift has undergone, which mainly concerned the interior, the cars were modern shaped dashboards up to the new center console.
A second and more comprehensive facelift was held in July 1990. The models now distinguished by various little things: slightly revised tail lights, white front turn signals and the now rounded exterior mirror housings.
As of mid- 1992, the lower part of the tailgate no plastic covering ( for example, the special model 205 New Look ).
Combinations of letters
Based on the letter combinations you can see the body and trim variations:
- X = three-door hatchback
- G = five-door (except GTI three-door ) hatchback
- C = convertible, two-door
- A = van ( similar to "Post- Golf" )
- N = absolute " zero equipment"
- E = very simple, spartan facilities (for example, without arms, without trip odometer )
- L = simple equipment ( for example, without Rear opening )
- R = upscale amenities
- S or T = sportive equipment (eg, tachometer )
- J ( only as CJ) = convertible with Jeans Outfit
- D = Diesel engine (otherwise always petrol engine)
- I as GTI = Sport model ( cross-brand fixed term )
- I as CTI = sporty convertible (probably derived from the GTI )
- T = turbo engine
Outside the 205- nomenclature, the Automatic variant ran with 1.6 - liter engine ( 53-65 kW) or 1.9 - liter engine (75 kW), power steering (initially only 1.9 - liter engine, from 1991 illuminated with 1.6 - liter engine 65 kW), XS- instrumentation ( temperature scale and from model 1991 tachometer and digital clock), & lockable glove compartment, map reading lamp, Veloursitze. Externally, specifically the 205 automatic transmission with 1.6 - liter engine to its distinctive bonnet identified that a significant increase of the middle part has (and probably was necessary for reasons of space for the dual carburetors initially). The 4- speed automatic transmission was under a lot of involvement of the ZF and was installed in parallel with some other PSA vehicles ( eg Citroen BX, etc.), each translated differently.
A first perceptible facelift in mid 1988. It was characterized by a new dashboard ( robust ), thicker round lever for turn signals, lights, windshield wipers, rounded exterior mirrors and a revised tailgate ( the XS / GT / GTI rear spoiler with integrated mini ). With this revision, the variant " Green " appears almost as a continuation of the limited special model " Lacoste " (only 44 kW engine ) with 44 and 55 kW. Even before the second facelift in 1990 (white indicators front, new rear lights ) were the basic models "E " is replaced by " special models ". This is followed by another " special models ". Other models, however, are not real special models because they were not limited to, are:
- Color Line: red- green color stripes on the sides of the vehicle and on the seats ( slimmed XR / GR)
- Gentry: (75 kW), full leather with sports seats, leather steering wheel in black or beige impala, leather shift knob (only with manual transmission), glass sunroof, depending on the market, mirror heater, power steering, ABS, depending on the market, Metallic paint in sorrentogrün or mayfairbeige (together with beige straps ), wood inserts in the doors, quality carpets velor velvet boot, central locking with IR remote, lighted makeup mirror, special SMR alloy wheels 5,5 x14 " with tires 185/60 R14H in silver or in the beige version in bright gold, optional: 4- speed automatic transmission, air conditioning (not available in Germany )
- Green: body color (including bumpers) white, interior green velvet straps, panoramic roof
- Junior: jean blue seats
- Look: particularly simple equipment (eg without timer )
- Roland Garros: the vehicle color green metallic, part leather seats in a white, 55 - kW motor, panoramic sunroof, also as a convertible ( cabrio with electric roof )
- Winner: Sport seats ( from the rally, including decorative ), extensive instrumentation, 14 " rims ( " slimmed XS " with alloy rims ), Peugeot Sport stickers
" True ", limited edition models:
- 205 Gti "Radio 1 FM ": Only 25 units were launched in 1992 for the 25th anniversary of this English radio station (one of which was raffled off by the transmitter itself). Features such as handles, but exterior color black with ' Radio 1 FM " logos on the front fenders, air conditioning, Clarion radio with CD player. This Gti was produced only as a right hand drive.
- Collection: XS / GT- taps, sports steering wheel, tinted glass, central locking, electric windows
- Handles: stainless GTI ( 88-94 kW), among others, Full leather with green stitching, Panorama roof ( if no air ), heated side mirrors, power steering, ABS, with air conditioning (not available as an extra in Germany ), central locking with IR remote control.
- Indiana: body color in beige ( 44-55 kW), panorama roof, tinted glass, bucket seats, saddle bags on the doors.
- Lacoste: Lacoste logo, green carpet, Panoramic roof ( Series 1 )
- Open: body color silver metallic, white or gray Winchester ( 44-58 kW ) 3 - or 5-door, "Open " logo on the front fenders and tailgate (Golf Ball ) including burgundy decor strip right and eft, chrome bars in the bumpers, carpet bordeaux inside; Special case: model 1988 in Switzerland as a 1.9 - liter engine (75 kW) switching cars delivered and is based on the 1.9 liter engine automatic, two-tone interior with dark gray speedo and center console and interior light gray residue
By the third facelift (significant: elimination of the plastic panel between the rear lights ) reduces the 205 palette on some familiar names - the classic model names omitted ( except GTI / CTI):
- Forever: velor seat covers, central locking, electric windows, panoramic roof
- New look: jean blue seats
- Sacré Numéro (not available in Germany )
- Trophy: body color in " handles " Green, GTI wheel arches, but only with TU engine (limited)
On 31 December 1998, the last Peugeot 205 rolled off the line, the model " Génération 205 ".
The Peugeot 205 was manufactured with a wide variety of engines. The early versions were equipped with the " Douvrin " engine of the previous model Peugeot 104, which is also known as " flat engine" because he " lies " in the engine compartment, the gearbox in the sump underneath. These engines, the service rendered in displacements ranging from 1.0 to 1.4 liter 45-79 hp, were gradually replaced from 1988 by the newly developed TU engines the PSA Group. 205 of Spanish or Moroccan production were made with another type of engine, had inherited the Peugeot from the acquisition of Talbot / Simca: G / Y / J- series derived from the Simca 1100, 1308, and Talbot Horizon, with displacements ranging from 1, 2 and 1.6 liters and with up to 90 hp in the Spanish model 205 GTX.
- XV, XW, XY engines with 1.0 l, 1.1 l and 1.4 l displacement (from 9.83 to 3.89 )
- G / Y / J motors from 1.2 to 1.6 liters
- XU petrol engines with 1.6 liter or 1.9 liter displacement
- XUD diesel engines with 1.8 and 1.9 liter displacement
- TU petrol engines with 1.1 liter and 1.4 liter displacement (from 9.88 )
Compared to the "small" 205 models, the GTI models had a body with some detail changes, among other things, with completely different cut wheel arches, corresponding wheel arch plastic and larger wheels (14 " or 15 ") to the sporty to stress. Furthermore, other rear axles with wider track and some slices instead of drum brakes were installed.
- GTI 1.6, built in 1984-89, 1580 cc, 76 kW ( 103 hp )
- GTI 1.6, built in 1986-92, 1580 cc, 83 kW ( 113 hp ), officially sold in Germany
- GTI 1.9, built in 1986-88, 1905 cc, 75 kW (102 PS), early version with G- Kat for Germany and Switzerland
- GTI 1.9, built in 1986-92, 1905 cc, 94 kW ( 128 PS ) for sale in Germany set (without catalyst) with the appearance of the 88- kW version (G- CAT )
- GTI 1.9, built in 1988-95, 1905 cc, 88 kW ( 120 hp ) The 205 GTI " handles " (French for " claw" ) was a GTI with extensive extras ( full leather, ABS, power steering). painted in the special color " fluorite ". It was built in a limited edition of 3,000 units, of which 1,000 copies with the 94-kW-/128-PS-Motor and without glass sunroof were reserved for the French market (in this case there was an option also air conditioning ). The remaining 2,000 units were destined for export markets and were shipped with the 88-kW-/120-PS-Motor with regulated catalytic converter. It can be seen, among other things, that they have been consistently built with large glass sunroof.
- The rally was a very spartan version of the 205, which was determined directly for the amateur motorsport. She was relatively low in the purchase price and is recognizable by the white standard paint finish and the specific wheel arch.
- The CTI is the convertible counterpart to the closed GTI, but he was not opposed to markets such as Japan and Australia available in Europe with the 120 -horsepower engine. CTI 1.6: Year 03/86-08/89 1580 cc 76 kW/104 hp
- CTI 1.6: Year 03/86-02/92 1580 cc 83 kW/113 hp
- CTI 1.9: Year 03/86-1994, 1905 cm ³ 75 kW/102 hp (cat)
- As a brother of the CT can be the XS or the four-door GT view, this model was however not very widespread, perhaps due to the simple equipment. CT: Year 1986-1988, 1360 cm ³ 59 kW (80 hp)
- Assuring counterpart to the CJ is the Junior, a particularly striking feature related with denim seats. CJ: Yr 1987-1988, 1360 cm ³ 44 kW (60 hp)
- CJ: Yr 1988-1994, 1124 cc 44 kW (60 hp)
- The Roland Garros were both with and without a roof, he was initially available only with TU3M engine with 75 hp, and later with the XU5M -90 -horsepower engine. Roland Garros Cabriolet: Year, 1991, 1360 cm ³ 55 kW (75 hp)
- Roland Garros Cabriolet: Year, 1991, 1580 cm ³ 66 kW (90 hp)
- The last convertible version was simply referred to as " convertible 205 " and had a wealth of facilities adjacent to the large dashboard also sports seats. However, only one engine with 75 -horsepower TU3M engine was available. In addition, the recent model years had a significantly poorer rust prevention.
Based on the three-door sedan manufacturers of special vehicles Gruau and Durisotti the end of 1983 made a simple panel van variant: the 205 without roof plate received a U-shaped bracket for receiving a vertical tailgate and finally a box structure made of fiberglass, the over-all glued to the body and was riveted.
Side windows, tail lights, rear bumper and castles were taken over unchanged from the sedan. Result was an increase in the extra storage space in the same floor space of 1015 liters to 1600 liters now. Due to the higher weight of the structure and the unmodified chassis, the load dropped by about 30 kg. The Multi was 1.1 l petrol engine (TU) and a diesel with 1.8 first, then sold 1.9 liters.
With the facelift of mid- 1990, the stage roof disappeared in favor of the imaged more aerodynamic shape. Nevertheless, the construction cost about 10 km / h top speed. Was distributed multi on the Peugeot dealers.
From spring 1994 until the end of production in late 1998 triggered a "real" panel van version with lengthened by 23 cm wheelbase from the multi. As with the technically related Citroën C15 started with the B-pillar, a box structure, which was, however, no all-metal construction, but a steel skeleton with Duroplastbeplankung. Instead of the tailgate 205 F used the split doors of Citroën C15. A low sill facilitated the use of the now 2.6 m³ load compartment, whose base is now made possible the loading of a Euro pallet.
The 205 F never was a success: on the one hand, the newly introduced van could not compete with the established in France and Spain C15 (up to 2005 over 1.2 million copies sold) from the same home, then came back in 1996 with Peugeot Partner and Citroën Berlingo a common successor model to the market, which had been developed from the outset as a commercial vehicle.
The 205 Turbo 16 was developed for Group B rally car that had in common with the standard- 205er not much, but can be classified as a thoroughbred racing machine with attributes such as trellis frame, all-wheel drive, mid-engine and turbocharger. The FIA regulations for Group B required a minimum number of 200 units had been built. Every year, were so-called evolution stages are nachhomologiert that had to be produced and approved in 20 copies. Peugeot developed the first version and competition from the production car. The 200 series ( chassis numbers P1 to P200 ) was manufactured by Talbot ( Simca ). All of these vehicles were identically equipped and maintained in anthracite gray metallic paint with the exception of the very first vehicle ( P1) has the same white paint with blue and yellow contrasting color accents showed how the competition versions and shown at the same time for the press launch of the model 205 with the front-drive large-scale versions and as a competitive version was presented. Coinciding with this 200 series 20 models of evolution of the first stage were made at Peugeot Talbot Sport ( chassis numbers C1 to C20) and presented on the same day as the production cars of the FIA for homologation. 1985 Peugeot Talbot Sport another 20 vehicles of evolution stage 2 is made ( chassis numbers C201 to C220 ) and homologated. For the 205T16 normal two-door series car bodies were taken off the assembly line and modified profoundly the coachbuilder Heuliez. The entire tail section was separated and inserted between the B- pillars of the body a bulkhead. Also at the front of the body has been greatly shortened and strengthened. Extensive reinforcements, roll cage and rear frame were then prepared in a mixed construction made of pressed steel box sections and pipes. These bodies were delivered to the respective production sites. The Evo -2 vehicles accounted for the box sections, where all tags were designed as tubular structures. The shape of the body borrows heavily from that of the production model of which was required for marketing reasons from the beginning. The front and rear of the vehicle is carried out in each case as a single part that can be fully opened or removed, respectively, to obtain access to the mechanics. Performance-wise, were the competition vehicles, depending on the stage of development between 255 and almost 380 kW. As their direct competitors, for example, were the Lancia Delta S4, Audi Sport quattro S1, the Ford RS200 and the MG Metro 6R4 called. Most of these cars are many years in the hands of collectors, rarely changes a 205 Turbo 16 once the owner.
On the Rules of Group B also modified 205 Turbo 16 participated in 1987 and 1988 also successfully participated in the Dakar Rally, the mountain race Pikes Peak International Hill Climb and up to and including 1992, the European Rallycross Championship.
From the 205, there were several proposals for a station wagon, among other things, home designer Pininfarina, who anticipated the formal language of the 405 Break with the prototype.
According to the Federal Motor Vehicle Office of the approximately 5 million vehicles produced were permitted to continue 111 125 pieces in Germany on 1 January 2005 ( KBA).
Distribution on the number and type:
- 3060 Automatic
- 3882 GTI, handles, rally
- 8596 Cabriolet, 6049 CJ, 286 CT, 2261 CTI
- 95587 other
Inventory according to KBA on January 1, 2006: 79 712 pieces (= 0.173 % of the car fleet in Germany )
Inventory according to KBA on January 1, 2007: 67 694 pieces (= 0.145 % of the car fleet in Germany )
Inventory according to KBA on January 1, 2010: 22 158 pieces (= 0.053 % of the car fleet in Germany )
Inventory according to KBA on January 1, 2011: 17,529 pieces (= 0.041 % of the car fleet in Germany )