The BMW M5 is a sports sedan based on the BMW 5-Series and is now produced in the 5th generation. The M5 is the most highly motorized and sportiest variant of the respective 5-series.
First, the BMW M5 models have been completely developed and built at the BMW M GmbH. Since the introduction of the series M5 E39 (1998 ), only the engines of the BMW M GmbH are still being developed and delivered to the assembly line, the set-up work and the production of the vehicles BMW accepts itself
As a forerunner of the BMW M5 models the M535i models may be understood based on the E28 series and E12. The M535i ( E12/1S ) was the first developed by M GmbH sports sedan at all. It was powered by a 3.5 -liter inline six- cylinder that made 160 kW (218 hp). The model was primarily intended for use in motorsport. Based on the E28 series, it was again a M535i, which was presented to the model year 1985, but has in common with the M5 at nothing. The M535i was provided with an aerodynamically optimized spoiler package 535i series sedan, which is also in contrast to the M5 was acquirable with automatic transmission. It was powered by a 3.5 -liter inline six- cylinder, but the constructive strongly differed from the previous in E12, E24 and E23 used 3.5 liter engine. In the E28 three different variants were offered it.
M5 ( E28S, 1985-1987)
In the summer of 1985, the BMW M5 ( E28S ) was presented for the first time and was manufactured until the end of 1987 at the M GmbH in hand.
He was a down to a subtle front and rear spoiler, flared wheel arches and a lowering in conjunction with a larger wheel and tire externally unchanged 5 Series sedan. When driving the slightly modified 3.5 - liter four- valve inline six- cylinder engine from the road version of the BMW M1 was built (engine code M88 / 3). This engine produced 210 kW ( 286 hp ) and accelerated According to the AMS test the M5 in 6.1 seconds from zero to 100 km / h and a top speed of 251 enabled km / h
The first M5 had previously built like all BMW standard drive and was only available in conjunction with a 5- speed manual transmission. The exclusive production at the BMW M GmbH more extras were possible than in the other E28 models. Delivery was so, for example, a full leather equipment, where the entire dash including the center console, headliner, door panels and even the complete parts were covered in leather in the trunk (cost depending on the scale: from 6500,00 DM). However, the air conditioning was even incur additional charges.
At its launch in the autumn of 1985, the car in standard equipment cost 81,000 DM The E28S in Germany there were never as Kat version - unlike the M635CSi (M6 for the United States ) with the same engine, which made 260 hp in his Kat version.
BMW M5, U.S. version
M5 ( E34S and E34/5S, 1988-1995 )
BMW M5 3.8
The M5 E34 series was available in two versions. After the introduction of the E34 series in January 1988 the first M5 version followed in August. This version was equipped only available as a sedan and a 3.6 - liter inline six- cylinder engine, which made 232 kW ( 315 hp).
In the spring of 1992, the M5 has been revised. The engine now had an enlarged to 3.8 liters and developed 250 kW ( 340 hp). The M5 E34 From that point on was also available in a small series as a combination, called M5 touring. A special feature of the sedan was the optional 4- seat system.
S38B36 E34 M5 engine in 3.6
BMW M5 Touring
Cockpit of an M5 3.8 Touring
M5 ( E39S, 1998-2003)
With the introduction of the M5 (E39) in 1998, the newly developed 5.0-liter V8 engine with 294 kW was presented (400 hp). The third M5 was released in 1998 at the Geneva Motor Show and was launched in late 1998 at the BMW dealers. He was offered, in contrast to its predecessor, only as a sedan and not a station wagon. A wagon version existed only as a prototype.
The M5 is powered by a completely new V8 engine with double - VANOS technology, which is connected to a 6- speed manual transmission. From five liters of displacement of the engine develops 294 kW (400 hp) and 7000 min -1. In contrast to the sequence in the M5 earlier models of the engine is the E39 the only component which is derived from the BMW M GmbH. The vote work was carried out by BMW itself. The M5 is equipped with advanced suspension technology, such as an aluminum chassis, integral rear axle and four high-performance disc brakes fitted.
In September 2000, the M5 learned the visual review of the E39 series before production ceased in July 2003 after five years. The E39 M5 was up to the sequel to the 2005 the most powerful model of the M- model range.
M5 ( E60/E61 2005-2010 )
The M5 based on the E60 was released with a newly developed, high-revving V10 engine with 373 kW (507 hp). The new V10 can also be in low speed driving pleasant, but has only from 3000 rpm on high torque. It is regulated only at 8250/min. By means of the so-called MDrive button on the steering wheel, the driver can be set via the engine control full engine power of 373 kW ( 507 hp ) instead of 294 kW (400 hp).
The M5 has a newly developed automated 7 -speed manual gearbox ( 7-speed SMG Drive logic). The new SMG ( " sequential M- Transmission " ) changes in the Sport mode, the transitions around 20 percent faster than in the BMW M3 (E46). The vehicle can accelerate from 0 to 4.7 s to 100 km / h in 13.9 s with from 0 to 200 km / h top speed by the electronic speed limitation at 250 km / h or 305 km / h the M- Drivers package. In the U.S., the M5 is also offered with the 6-speed manual transmission from the 550i since 2007. The 5 -liter engine consumes an average of 14.8 liters per 100 km with CO2 emissions of 357 g / km.
This is based on three selectable programs M sports suspension (Comfort, Normal, Sport ) is used in conjunction with a lightweight integral rear axle are used. The iDrive menu also offers three engine programs to choose from: P400, P500 and P500 Sport. In P400 you are traveling with 400 hp, which helps save fuel and also for normal exits is sufficient. P500 provides the full power, P500 Sport can to open the throttle and spontaneous shift gears more aggressively.
As of May 26, 2007 was the M5, as before, the E34, as a station wagon version ( E61 ), traditionally called " Touring" at BMW. Without further extras the M5 sedan ( MSRP ) cost about € 94,700 and € 97,200 as a combination (as of September 2009).
As of February 2007, the revised model was available. The changes were related to the door panels, station buttons for the iDrive, LED taillights and daytime running lights on the corona rings.
From other models in the 5 Series, the M5 differed substantially by:
- The power button next to the shift knob, the motor control through the full engine power of 373 kW ( 507 hp ) instead of 294 kW (400 hp) provides
- The M front apron,
- The two chromed twin tailpipes in the M rear apron
- The optional M rear spoiler
- M side mirrors
- M sports seats
- M sport steering wheel with knob
- 19 - inch light -alloy wheels in M- Design
- M sports suspension
- The gills on the sides
- No fog lights
- Modified tailgate ( other characteristics mount)
In the summer of 2010, production of the M5 ( E60/61 ) has been set. In five years of construction, so 19 523 Touring Sedans and 1025 were produced and delivered. Thus, the fourth generation of the M5 is the best-selling.
BMW M5 Touring
M5 (F10, since 2011 )
The new BMW M5 (F10 ) is of the newly developed V8 engine with " M TwinPower Turbo technology," consisting of a twin-scroll twin turbo - charging, a cylindrical cross-bank exhaust manifold, gasoline direct injection ("High -precision Injection " ) and the fully variable valve control ( " Valvetronic " ) driven. The engine develops a peak output of 412 kW/560 hp at 6,000 to 7,000 rpm and a maximum torque of 680 Newton meters 1500-5750 rpm.
The vehicle was unveiled at the International Motor Show in Frankfurt in 2011 and is initially ordered only as a sedan with rear-wheel drive.
- Thomas G. Mueller: Big BMW / / / M5 CHRONICLE, Self Publishing Edition - White-Blue, Hamburg.
- Thomas G. Mueller: Great BMW M CHRONICLE, Self Publishing Edition - White-Blue, Hamburg.