Sanremo ( official spelling, sometimes incorrectly also San Remo ) is an Italian resort with 53 936 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) on the Riviera di Ponente in Liguria. The town is about 20 kilometers from the French border.
Sanremo is located in the center of a wide bay between Cape Nero and the Cape Verde and has a uniformly mild climate in the winter because of the sheltered position of the nearby mountains of advancing to the sea Maritime Alps. In summer it is a popular seaside resort.
Particularly well known is the " Kasbah " of Sanremo, an oriental -sounding, very verwinkeltes maze of passageways and alleys in the old town, known as La Pigna.
Well known is also the casino. Sanremo, the main town on the Riviera dei Fiori ( Riviera ), is well known also because of the breeding of carnations and roses and the flower market. Sanremo is not called the city of flowers, it owes but the flowers and plant breeding, a large part of its economic prosperity. The sector plant breeding has about 200 companies and numerous exporting companies ( as of 2004).
Sanremo is also the place for the since 1951, each year in late February or early March discharged Italian Sanremo Music Festival. Sports fans Sanremo is also the target of the classic cycling race Milan - Sanremo, a fixed term. In addition, international car rallies and Easter will be held the annual sailing regatta. 1955 to 1966 there was the Festival Internazionale del Jazz di Sanremo.
In addition, in Sanremo is the International Institute of Humanitarian Law established. This is an existing since 1970 independent institution dedicated to the development and dissemination of international humanitarian law and related areas of law devoted to.
In and around Sanremo the transport company Riviera Trasporti operates (RT ) also use the trolley Sanremo, the city is one of the smallest Italian cities with a trolleybus system.
Alfred Nobel lived and died in San Remo. The Nobel Villa is located in the eastern residential area and served Alfred Nobel also to numerous experiments.
In the Middle Ages was built on a hill of the oldest district, the Pigna, whose houses were built for the common defense against Muslim pirates ( corsairs and Saracens ) one above the other, with steep streets, covered passages and many small places. In Via Palma, the main street of the Pigna, is the small palace Casa Manara, where in 1538 Pope Paul III. stayed on his trip to Nice. Further down, in Via Montà No. 18, is held at 1794 Napoleon.
The writer Giovanni Domenico Ruffini was around 1855 one of his novels in Sanremo play, and as the first guests arrived to spend the winter months in the mild climate of the Riviera coast. This was the beginning of the rapid rise of Sanremo to a resort of the Belle Époque. In a few years, from the former fishing village an elegant tourist center whose reputation hurried around the world. 1860 Grand Hotel Londra was built. Until 1900 that 25 hotels and approximately 200 villas. Famous spa guests were Elizabeth of Austria - Hungary, Emperor Frederick III. and the Russian Empress Maria Alexandrovna.
The modern city center was built in the early 20th century, after San Remo had been discovered by aristocratic and rich loafers. 1905 was the casino, certainly the most famous monument of the city built. In 1920 the city was the venue of the Conference of Sanremo, on which the victorious Allied powers met agreements on the division of the defeated Ottoman Empire during the First World War. From 1922 to 1924 Sanremo was the exile of last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI. Vahdettin.
Sanremo is twinned with:
- Atami, Japan, since 1976
- Helsingør, Denmark
- Karlskoga, Sweden
Sons and daughters of the town
- Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri (1667-1733), Jesuit priest, philosopher, theologian and mathematician
- Michael Anthony Anfossi (1799-1878); Carmelite Bishop and Vicar Apostolic of Mangalore, India
- Angelo Iachino (1889-1976), Admiral
- Mario Bava (1914-1980), film director, cinematographer and screenwriter
- Fabio Fognini (* 1987), tennis player