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Heads of State
Year of the Metal Hare辛卯(at the beginning of Metal Tiger庚寅)
Syria: 1542/43 ( the year in October )
- 2.1 Exact date of birth unknown
- 2.2 Born around 1231
Politics and World Affairs
- Mongolian troops to seize the state Korjô.
Ersturkundliche mentions and civic rights
- In Erdbuch of the Danish King Waldemar II many places in the then Danish territory are first mentioned.
- Bingen, buoys auf Fehmarn, Dinklage, Hochberg, (Efze ) Horw, Kallnach, Gengenbach, Leuggern, Niendorf on Fehmarn, and on October 28, 1231 Eldingen Kr Celle are first mentioned.
- The city of Harderwijk (Netherlands ) wins the municipal law.
- Pope Gregory IX. uses the Inquisition and the Dominicans entrusted with the persecution of heretics. The maximum penalty threatens death by burning.
- The Franciscans schools in Paris.
- Master Adam, treasurer of Reims, has a " Bible in tiny letters ".
- First mention of the Augustinian monastery of St. Catherine in Strasbourg.
Exact date of birth unknown
Born around 1231
- John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey was the sixth and an important military leader of the English kings Henry III. and Edward I († 1304)
- April 6: William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English knights norm manic descent ( * 1190 )
- JUNE 13: Anthony of Padua, Portuguese - Italian Franciscan and Holy (* 1195)
- July 2: Henry I, Margrave of Baden- Hachberg
- August: Aurembiaix, Countess of Urgell, mistress of James I of Aragon
- SEPTEMBER 15: Louis Kelheimer, Duke of Bavaria (* 1173 )
- November 3: Wladyslaw III. (Poland ), Duke of Poland (* 1161 )
- November 6: Tsuchimikado, 83rd Emperor of Japan (* 1196)
- November 17: Elizabeth of Thuringia, outstanding saints of the Middle Ages (* 1207 ) - canonization in 1235 by Pope Gregory IX.