Ardahan is a Turkish province in the northeast of the country on the border with Georgia and thus a border region between eastern Anatolia and Transcaucasia. The provincial capital is the same Ardahan.
To the south it borders Kars, on the southwest by Erzurum, Artvin to the west and the north and east to Georgia. A small portion borders Armenia. It has an area of 5576 km ² and 105 454 inhabitants ( 2010). The population consists of Turks and Azerbaijanis ( including Yerri Ahiska and Karapapaken / Terekeme ) and minority groups such as Georgians, Laz, Kurds, Circassians and others. Ardahan is also the first destination for foreign workers (including Georgians and Azerbaijanis ).
It consists of the counties of:
The oldest inscriptions from Ardahan found in Çıldır ( Hanak inscription ) and originate from the Urartians. The Cimmerians came here in the 8th century BC on their way from the Caucasus to Anatolia in hostile contact with the kingdom of Urartu. After Urartu dominated by 650 BC the Medes this area. From the Medes was the rule in 550 BC over the Persians. Ardahan belonged then to various kingdoms and cultures, among others, the Georgians, Greeks, Romans, Armenians, and came in 1069 under the control of the Seljuk Turks. Since 1551 the Ottomans ruled here and with its demise in World War I came on this area for a short time to the Democratic Republic of Georgia. The Soviet Union after the occupation of Georgia by the Treaty of Brest- Litovsk that territory to Turkey, however, was from. Ardahan was combined with Kars to a province, but restored in 1992 as a separate province.
- Castle in Ardahan, built in 1544 by Sultan Suleiman I
- The Şeytan Kalesi Castle ( German: Devil's Castle ) in Çıldır directly to the Georgian border
- Çıldır Lake and Aktas Lake (both in the district Çıldır ) at the Georgian border