Malatya ( Syro -Aramaic ܡ ܠ ܝ ܛ ܝ ܢ ܐ, Armenian Մալաթիա, zazaisch Meletiye, Greek Melitene ) is a Turkish province in eastern Anatolia with the eponymous capital of Malatya. To the east are Elazig and Diyarbakir, Adiyaman in the south, west and north Kahramanmaras Sivas and Erzincan.
Malatya is dominated by the southeastern Taurus Mountains with the mountains Korudağ (2100 m), Karakaya Tepe ( 2424 m), Becbel Tepe (2006 m), Beydagi ( 2544 m), Kelle Tepe ( 2150 m) and Gayrık Tepedir ( 2306 m). The Nurhak Mountains are foothills of the Taurus, its main mountains are the Derbent ( 2428m ), the Kepez ( 2140 m), the Kuşkaya Tepesi (1922 m) and the akcadag (2013 m).
The very early settlement of the region is evident in the past in the area of Malatya late Neolithic city Arslantepe. It is the Melid the Hittites. Throughout its history, Malatya was moved twice. The name itself comes from Malatya hetithischen Melid for honey. In 1750 BC, conquered King Anitta of Kushara the area around Malatya and made it part of the Hittite Empire. The Assyrians conquered the area under King Sennacherib ( 705-681 BC). According to them here ruled the Medes and Persians. With the invasion of Alexander the Great Malatya got into the Hellenistic sphere. Strabo counted Malatya as one of the ten parts of the empire of the Kingdom of Cappadocia, which existed 280-212 BC, on. More ruler of Malatya were the Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Seljuks and the Ottomans from 1515.
As of 1915, the genocide of the Armenian minority took place here. The survivors, who fled to Armenia Armenians founded in Yerevan, the district Malatya - Sebastia. In 1924, the Turkish Malatya was elevated to the rank of a province.
On 18 April 2007 the Zirve Publishing massacre took place here.
- Akcadag (Kurdish: Arga )
- Arapgir (Kurdish: Daskuza )
- Arguvan (Kurdish: Arxewan )
- Dogansehir (Kurdish: Wêranşar )
- Hekimhan (Kurdish: Patrîkxan )
- Kale (Kurdish: Izoli )
- Kuluncak (Kurdish: Tirsekan )
- Pütürge (Kurdish: SIRO )
- Yeşilyurt (Kurdish: Çirmik )
The province is the world's largest growing area for apricots. Here the sweet apricots are pitted and dried as whole fruit. Meanwhile derived approximately 95 % of the traded in Europe dried apricots from Malatya. For several years, also fresh fruits are exported to Europe. Turkey produced 476 132 t in 2010 which followed by Iran with 400,000 tons and 325,000 tons of Uzbekistan with the most. Italy amounted to 252 892 tonnes in fourth place in the world production. The city of Malatya apricots in their coat of arms.
- Mehmet Ali Agca, Pope assassin
- Hrant Dink, Turkish- Armenian journalist and publisher
- İzzettin Doğan, professor of international law and Alevi activist
- Gregorius Bar - Hebraeus, Marphian the Syrian Orthodox Church
- İsmet İnönü, the second President of Turkey
- Ahmet Kaya, Turkish- Kurdish musician
- Bülent Korkmaz, football player and coach
- Michael the Syrian, Patriarch of the Syrian Orthodox Church
- Turgut Ozal, Heads of State and Prime Minister of Turkey
- Emine Sevgi Özdamar, actress and writer
- Yüksel Özkasap, singer
- Bugra Pehlivan, football player
- Ayşe Polat, director
- Ilyas Salman, actor
- Kemal Sunal, actor
- Mehmet Topal, a Turkish national football team