Aksaray Province

Aksaray ( Turkish for white palace ) is a Turkish province in central Anatolia. Capital is the same Aksaray.


Like almost all Turkish cities in the region, the province has an Assyrian, Hittite, Phrygian, Persian, Byzantine and Seljuk history.

The young Christianity spread in the 2nd and 3rd century in Cappadocia, including the area of Aksaray heard from. Difficult political circumstances, attacks and expulsions were the reason for that was, at that time mainly applied by the Christians in the area many underground cities and churches to having their religion can. Cappadocia was one of the first early Christian centers. 3000 to today discovered churches in the area, bear witness to this history. The area of Cappadocia in 1985 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site and World Heritage site.

With the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, the region of Aksaray fell to the Seljuk Turks under the leadership of Malik Ahmet Gazi Danishmend and was first Turkish. In 1116, the 150 km distant city of Konya was the capital of the Anatolian Seljuk. Under Kılıç Arslan II was then established on the ruins of the city Arkhelais the present city of Aksaray. Besides, many Turks were settled in the present territory of Azerbaijan in the region. Later families settled here from the east of present-day Turkey.

After the defeat of the Seljuk Turks in the battle of Köse Dağ in 1234 and the invasion of the Mongols in Anatolia Seljuk rulers had no government authority.

Under Ishak Pasa, the region came under Ottoman rule in 1470 until the proclamation of the Turkish Republic on October 29, 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

With a 1933 law delivered up Aksaray became a district of the province of Nigde. This was never accepted by Aksaray, since it was felt that due to the population Aksaray a higher priority have as Nigde. All of Aksaray posted in the Grand National Assembly MPs submitted a draft legislation to recognize Aksaray as an independent province. Once submitted, Oğuz Demir Tüzün on April 1, 1964 Act came to a vote, however, was placed on indefinitely shelved due to the rejection of an opposition deputies of the province of Adana. 1971, the bill was again rejected.

In the elections of 1987, belonging to Aksaray deputies from Nigde laid again before a bill, which was accepted on 15 June 1989, Aksaray arose after 56 years with the province.


The Aksaray province is subdivided into 7 districts:

  • Aksaray
  • Ağaçören
  • Eskil
  • Gülağaç
  • Güzelyurt
  • Ortaköy
  • Sarıyahşi


  • The mosque Ulu Cami
  • The tumulus acemos Höyük
  • The ancient royal city of Nora
  • Underground cities, including Güzelyurt
  • The Kloster Güzelyurt
  • The monastery complex Selime Kalesi
  • Ihlara Valley
  • The Aksaray Museum ( Zinciriye Medresesi )
  • The Egri (or Kızıl ) Minaret, a wrong standing minaret made ​​of red brick
  • Caravanserais Agzikarahan of 1231, one of the largest on the Silk Road
  • Alayhan, built 1156-1192
  • Öresinhan of 1278
  • Sultanhanı of 1229, the largest in Asia Minor


  • Mercedes -Benz Türk A.Ş. Trucks work
  • Salt industry
  • Texstilindustrie
  • Auto spare parts industry
  • Engineering industries