Varese ( Lombardy: Vares ) is a city in the northwest of Lombardy in northern Italy.

Varese is the capital of the province of Varese, and since 1998 University City ( Università d' Insubria ). The city has 79 333 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) and covers an area of ​​54 km ². The height above sea level is given as 382 m.


The city is located east of Lake Varese ( only belonging to Varese places Calcinate del Pesce and Schiranna are right on the lake ), near the border with Switzerland, between Lake Maggiore and Lake Como. It is located about 55 km north of Milan.

Neighboring municipalities are Arcisate, Azzate, Biandronno, Bodio Lomnago, Brinzio, Orino, Buguggiate, Cantello, Casciago, Castello Cabiaglio, Cazzago Brabbia, Galliate Lombardo, Gavirate Gazzada Anno, Induno Olona, ​​Lozza, Luvinate, Malnate, Vedano Olona.


In 1859 took place in the wake of the Risorgimento and the war between France, Piedmont and Austria near Varese ( German outdated: Väris ) a battle between the troops of Giuseppe Garibaldi and Austrian forces under Field Marshal Karl Urban instead. After the Austrian associations had been beaten there, Garibaldi met with volunteers prior to Lake Garda. There came to the decisive battles of Solferino and San Martino.

Economy and infrastructure

Varese is industrial in character; formerly belonged mainly leather, textile and metal processing, today in particular the aerospace and electronics industry: the most important companies Alenia Aermacchi ( aircraft ), AgustaWestland (construction of helicopters ), Cagiva and the former Ignis works, currently a subsidiary whirlpool ( household electrical appliances ).

Husqvarna, a subsidiary of KTM AG, builds all motorcycles at their location in Varese, as well as the Italian motorcycle manufacturer MV Agusta.

In Varese is a European school where they teach the children 4-18 years in various European languages.

Varese has good rail links to Milan and is integrated into Milan's S-Bahn system ( line S 5) with dense regular intervals. About the Autostrada A8 is also on the road a good access to the capital of Lombardy.

About 10 kilometers south-east is the airfield Varese Venegono, almost 5 kilometers west of the small airfield Varese Calcinate del Pesce. About 20 kilometers (direct distance ) south-west of Varese is the international airport of Milan Malpensa.


Varese has along with Como on the University of Insubria.

In Varese there is also a European School for the location in Ispra Joint Research Centre of the European Commission.


  • The Romanesque baptistery dating from the 13th century and built in 1600 Basilica San Vittore are deemed worth seeing.
  • Another attraction is the Castello di Masnago castle from the 15th century, which houses the municipal museum of modern art since 1981.
  • At the Villa Mirabello from the 18th century is the Archaeological Museum.
  • Also worth seeing is the Villa Litta Panza Menafoglio is ( important museum of Modern Art ( inter alia minimal art by Dan Flavin and Robert Irwin ), which was donated by the collector Giuseppe Panza di Count Biumo the property of the FAI) and the associated garden.
  • The Palazzo d' Este from the 18th century serves currently as the Town Hall.
  • But the main attraction is arguably the most Sacro Monte di Varese, which with the other Sacri Monti (Sacred Mountains) of Lombardy and Piemonte was taken in 2003 in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Sacro Monte di Varese celebrated in 2004 its 400th anniversary and as part of its 14 chapels and the Sanctuary of Santa Maria del Monte in the time of the Baroque. The chapels are richly endowed with illusionist frescoes and colored life-size terracotta figures, which show the story of Mary of the Annunciation to the Ascension.
  • Villa Toeplitz


Palazzo Estense

Villa Panza

San Massimiliano Kolbe


Varese has partnerships since 2003 the Romanian city of Alba Iulia in Transylvania, and since 1957 to the French town of Romans -sur -Isère, in the Rhône -Alpes.


On June 6, 2013, the municipal council of Varese decided by a majority of the Northern League and PdL former dictator Benito Mussolini to leave the honorary citizenship.


2008 found as early as 1951, in Varese, the UCI Road World Championship cyclist instead. Pallacanestro Varese was in the 1970s, the dominant club in European basketball and won five times the national champion trophy. Since 2009 he plays in the Serie A. In addition, the Series B Football club AS Varese 1910 based here. The Rowing Championships 2012 were held on the Lago di Varese.

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Giacomo Beretta (* 1992), football player
  • Giulio Bizzozero (1846-1901), pathologist
  • Laura Bono ( born 1979 ), musician and composer
  • Carlo Carcano (born 1967 ), football player and coach
  • Gabriele Colombo ( b. 1972 ), cyclist
  • Stefano Garzelli (born 1973 ), cyclist
  • Paride Grillo ( b. 1983 ), cyclist
  • Roberto Maroni ( born 1955 ), politician
  • Mario Monti ( born 1943 ), former Prime Minister and EU Commissioner
  • Daniele Nardello (born 1972 ), cyclist
  • Attilio Nicora ( born 1937 ), cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, president of administration of goods of the Apostolic See
  • Aldo Nove (* 1967), writer
  • Franco Ossola (1921-1949), football player
  • Francesco Scardamaglia (1945-2010), screenwriter, film producer and film director
  • David Witteveen ( born 1985 ), Austrian football player
  • Stefano Zanini (born 1969 ), cyclist