ISS Expedition 37 mission is the designation for the 37 long-term crew of the International Space Station ( ISS). The mission began with the uncoupling of the spaceship Soyuz TMA- 08M from the ISS on September 10, 2013, and ended with the undocking of Soyuz TMA- 09M on 10 November 2013.
- 2.1 spacewalk
- Fyodor Nikolayevich Yurchikhin (4th space flight), Commander, ( Russia / Roscosmos ) ( Soyuz TMA- 09M )
- Karen Nyberg Lujean ( second space flight), flight engineer, (USA / NASA) ( Soyuz TMA- 09M )
- Luca Parmitano ( first space flight), flight engineer, (Italy / ESA ) ( Soyuz TMA- 09M )
Additionally from 26 September 2013:
- Oleg Kotov Valeryevich ( third space flight), flight engineer, ( Russia / Roscosmos ) ( Soyuz TMA -10M )
- Sergei Nikolaevich Rjasanski ( first space flight ), flight engineer, ( Russia / Roscosmos ) ( Soyuz TMA -10M )
- Michael Scott Hopkins ( first space flight), flight engineer, (USA / NASA) ( Soyuz TMA -10M )
After undocking of Soyuz TMA- 09M with Yurchikhin, Nyberg and Parmitano Kotov takes command and forms Rjazanski Hopkins and the initial crew of the ISS Expedition 38
The backup crew of ISS Expedition recruited from the backup crews of the Soyuz shuttle respective spaceships ( see there). If everything is going according to plan, these teams two Soyuz missions and thus two ISS expeditions are then usually later for regular use.
With the decoupling of the spaceship Soyuz TMA - 08M from the station, the ISS Expedition 37 began in the course of the mission about 100 experiments in the fields of astronomy, biology, materials science, medicine, physics and technology have been carried out or supervised. An innovation of the Soyuz spacecraft Soyuz TMA - 10M, which brought the second part of Basatzung on 25 September, was the use of an improved control and interconnection system Kwant, with the use of the relay spacecraft of the lozenge should be possible.
Originally, the Russian laboratory module Nauka couple to the station during the service period of the occupation. Because of inaccurate work performed, at its start is delayed further, however, at least until November 2015.
The next spacecraft, which was created by the manipulator arm on the ISS, was Cygnus 2 ( Orb - CRS -1), which started on 18 September, but in which there was a problem with the formatting of the GPS data, which is why the approach to the station has been moved. The ship reached the ISS on September 29.
The end of October coupled from the fourth Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV 4) from the rear of the ISS and burned up after several braking maneuvers on November 2 in dense layers of the atmosphere. ATV 4 was started at the top of an Ariane 5 rocket on June 5 from Kourou space center in French Guiana and was known as Albert Einstein. It possessed with fuel and cargo a total mass of 20.2 tons abundant. Of this amount, about 6.6 tons to the individual components of the payload. The freighter had carried out three larger orbit raising maneuvers for the whole, more than 400 tonnes station sluggish in the months of August, September and October. After unloading the cargo tank and cargo hold of the spaceship with waste had been provided. On 25 October, the hatches were closed at the rear of the station.
ATV 4 made to allow room for the Soyuz TMA - 09M, which was disconnected on November 1 from its berth at the module Rasswjet and then docked again at the stern. On November 7, the spacecraft Soyuz TMA - 11M, which is then made fast to Rasswjet started. Thus were docked to the ISS for the second time three Soyuz spaceships. On November 9, an Olympic torch was symbolically handed over then for a spacewalk, which was then reacted with Soyuz TMA - 09M back to Earth. Thus ended the ISS Expedition 37
In a spacewalk in the afternoon and evening of November 9, 2013 was an Olympic torch that had been brought to the ISS on Thursday outside the station passed from runner to runner. This was done shortly after the exit against 16 clock CET. 26 minutes before they left the station via the Pirs module cosmonauts Oleg Kotov and both Sergei Rjasanski. Subsequently, the torch that was backed up during the action through a thin cable, stowed away in the exit module.
After a foot holder and a handrail were dismantled and an attempt was made to install them on a new site. After some problems so they decided to take them first to check in the exit module. Furthermore, it should be a flat antenna for radiometric measurements for earthquake prediction on the outside of the Zvezda disabled and collapsed, but that does not completely succeed, so they unfolded again.
Finally, a variety of photos of work spaces and objects was made. The withdrawal ended after 5 hours and 50 minutes against 21.24 CET clock, according to the official Moscow time it was already November 10 (0.24 Moz clock ).