List of International Space Station expeditions

This is the chronological list of ISS Expeditions, the long-term crews on the International Space Station.

Previous expeditions

The name of the respective ISS Expedition follow the enumeration of the crew members, the date and the mission name of the launch, the duration of stay on the space station ( 44-213 days ), the date of arrival and disconnection and the date and the mission name of the landing. Only the regular members of the expeditions are mentioned. More visitors to stay on the ISS can be found in the list of manned missions and the list of ISS visitors.

Behind the names of the members so that is the number of space flights occurred is indicated in parentheses. The subsequent abbreviations CDR and BI characterize the functions of the ISS commander and flight engineers.

The typical length of stay of the crew members is in each case about six months. The available seats generally go half each of Spacemen from NASA and Roskosmos and NASA are further parts of their contingent of international partners. As with other resources on the ISS go to JAXA 12.8%, 8.3 % and 2.3% of ESA to CSA.

Expeditions 1-6

The first expedition reached the station on 31 October 2000 with the Russian Soyuz spacecraft TM -31, which served as a return vehicle for emergencies at the same time. In subsequent expeditions the team was exchanged during the visit of an American space shuttle. The replacement of the Soyuz capsule was carried out by three-member visiting missions.

Russia Yuri Gidzenko ( 2), BI Russia Sergei Krikaljow ( 5), BI

United States Susan Helms ( 5), BI United States James Voss ( 5), BI

Russia Vladimir Dezhurov ( 2), BI Russia Mikhail Tyurin ( 1), BI

United States Daniel Bursch ( 5), BI United States Carl Walz ( 4), BI

Russia Sergei Treschtschow ( 1), BI United States Peggy Whitson ( 1), BI

Russia Nikolai Budarin ( 3), BI United States Donald Pettit ( 1), BI

Expeditions 7 to 12

The Space Shuttle Columbia crashed on 1 February 2003. Then further flights of the Space Shuttle fleet were canceled until July 2005. From Expedition 7 crew was therefore replaced by the Soyuz capsules. To ensure the supply without shuttle flights, the team's strength of the expeditions of three was reduced to two members.

United States Edward Lu ( 3), BI

Russia Alexander Kaleri ( 4), BI

United States Edward Fincke ( 1), BI

Russia Salizhan Sharipov ( 2), BI

United States John Phillips ( 2), BI

Russia Valery Tokarev ( 2), BI

Expeditions 13 to 19

On July 26, 2005 started with the discovery since the crash of the Columbia for the first time a space shuttle. Almost a year later, the Discovery brought on 4 July 2006 ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter to the ISS, which the crew was increased again to three members. The replacement of the commander and the first flight engineer was still with the Soyuz spaceships, while the second flight engineer was replaced with the now regularly again starting shuttle missions.

United States Jeffrey Williams ( 2), BI

Russia Mikhail Tyurin ( 2), BI

Russia Oleg Kotov ( 1), BI

Russia Yuri Malenchenko ( 4), BI

Russia Oleg Kononenko ( 1), BI

Russia Yuri Lonchakov ( 3), BI

United States Michael Barratt ( 1), BI

Expeditions 20 and 21

Since May 2009 there is the ISS crew of six persons. Accordingly, two Soyuz capsules are also constantly coupled as return vehicles. Every two or four months to be replaced three crew members. The command is then transferred on one of the remaining space of the driver and the numbering changes. So any crew member belongs to two expeditions. The crew is transported in large part by Soyuz spacecraft, but is still a part replaced in shuttle missions.

On 21 November 2008, NASA announced the preliminary crew members for the next expeditions.

United States Michael Barratt ( 1), BI

Russia Roman Romanenko ( 1), BI Canada Robert Thirsk ( 2), BI

Russia Maxim Surajew ( 1), BI

Since Expedition 22

By the end of the space shuttle program in 2011 to replace the long-term crews until further exclusively on the Russian Soyuz spacecraft takes place.

On July 8, 2010 and on February 18, 2011, NASA announced the preliminary crew members for the next expeditions. On September 18, 2011, ESA announced the composition of expeditions 39 and 40.

Russia Maxim Surajew ( 1), BI

Soichi Noguchi Japan ( 2), BI United States Timothy Creamer ( 1), BI

Russia Mikhail Korniyenko ( 1), BI United States Tracy Caldwell Dyson ( 2), BI

Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin ( 3), BI United States Shannon Walker ( 1), BI

Russia Oleg Skripotschka ( 1), BI Russia Alexander Kaleri ( 5), BI

United States Catherine Coleman ( 3), BI Italy Paolo Nespoli ( 2), BI

Russia Alexander Samokutajew ( 1), BI United States Ronald Garan ( 2), BI

Russia Sergei Volkov ( 2), BI Japan Satoshi Furukawa ( 1), BI

Russia Anton Shkaplerov ( 1), BI Russia Anatoly Ivanishin ( 1), BI

United States Don Pettit ( 3), BI André Kuipers Netherlands ( 2), BI

Russia Sergei Rewin ( 1), BI United States Joseph Acaba ( 2), BI

Russia Yuri Malenchenko ( 5), BI Japan Akihiko Hoshide ( 2), BI

Russia Oleg Novitsky ( 1), BI Russia Yevgeny Tarelkin ( 1), BI

Russia Roman Romanenko ( 2), BI United States Thomas Marshburn ( 2), BI

Russia Alexander Missurkin ( 1), BI Christopher Cassidy United States ( 2), BI

United States Karen Nyberg ( 2), BI Italy Luca Parmitano ( 1), BI

Russia Sergei Rjasanski ( 1), BI United States Michael Hopkins ( 1), BI

Russia Mikhail Tyurin, (3), BI United States Richard Mastracchio ( 4), BI

Current and future expeditions

Expedition 39

The expedition began on 39 March 11, 2014 with the uncoupling of the spaceship Soyuz TMA -10M from the ISS and is expected to last until the uncoupling of Soyuz TMA -11M on 14 May 2014.

Russia Mikhail Tyurin, (3), BI United States Richard Mastracchio ( 4), BI

Russia Alexander Skvortsov ( 2), BI Russia Oleg Artjemjew ( 1), BI

United States Gregory Wiseman ( 1), BI Germany Alexander Gerst ( 1), BI

Russia Alexander Samokutjajew ( 2), BI Russia Yelena Serova ( 1), BI

Russia Anton Shkaplerov ( 2), BI Italy Samantha Cristoforetti ( 1), BI

From expedition 43

For individual spaceman the use time is lengthened from six to twelve months. This will be the first time in spring 2015 with Mikhail Korniyenko and Scott Kelly of the case. The resulting vacant space in the Soyuz spacecraft can be sold to space tourists. For this, the British singer Sarah Brightman is already provided.

Russia Anton Shkaplerov ( 2), BI Italy Samantha Cristoforetti ( 1), BI

Russia Mikhail Korniyenko ( 2), BI

Japan Kimiya Yui ( 1), BI United States Kjell Lindgren ( 1), BI

Even after the Expedition 46 space station is further manned, but there is still no complete crew been nominated.