Honda Transalp

The Honda Transalp was a motorcycle of the Japanese car manufacturer Honda. The enduro was built from 1987 to 2012 in four model variants and had a water-cooled V-engine with two cylinders and six valves.


The first prototype was designed in 1985 as an off-road motorcycle with an engine with 500 cc displacement. Until the launch of the engine capacity was increased to 600 cc, and changed the vehicle specification to a more road-oriented suspension tuning and vehicle trim.

Technique of XL600V ( 1987-1999 )

The water-cooled two-cylinder engine has a single overhead camshaft and an angle of 52 ° located between the V-shaped cylinders. The bore has a diameter of 75 mm and the stroke is 66 mm. The compression ratio of the four-stroke engine is 9.2:1 and the engine displacement of 583 cc. The front brake is a disc having a diameter of 256 mm. The front forks with a diameter of 41 mm has a travel of 200 mm and allows a limited off-road use on gravel and dirt roads. The rear suspension has a suspension travel of 190 mm. The tank has a capacity of 18 liters. The power is transmitted via a multi-plate wet clutch and a gearbox with five gears.


The Transalp was built from 1987 to 2012 in four different models:

  • ND models with 400 cc ND06 - XL400V - model years 1992 to 1994, only in the Far East, production in Japan
  • PD models with 600 cc PD06 - XL600V - model years 1987 to 1996, special edition USA from 1989 to 1990, from 1994, revised trim as PD10, manufacturing in Japan
  • PD10 - XL600V - model years 1997 to 1999 with dual disc brakes front and manufactured in Italy
  • RD models with 650 cc RD10 - XL650V - model years 2000 to 2001, completely revised, manufacturing in Italy
  • RD11 - XL650V - model years 2002 to 2006, production in Spain
  • RD models with 680 cc RD13 - XL700V - model years 2007 to 2009, production in Spain
  • RD15 - XL700V - model years 2010 to 2012, production in Italy