Francis Mallory (* December 12, 1807 in Hampton, Virginia, † March 26, 1860 in Norfolk, Virginia ) was an American politician. Between 1837 and 1843 he represented two times the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Francis Mallory attended the common schools and the Hampton Academy. Between 1822 and 1828 he served in the U.S. Navy. Then he began to study law, but he broke off again. After a subsequent study medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and his 1831 was admitted as a doctor, he began to practice in this profession in Norfolk. He later gave this up again to operate in the agricultural sector. Politically, he was a member of the mid-1830s caused the Whig Party. In 1838 he took part in Richmond as a delegate to the Southern Commercial Convention.
In the congressional elections of 1836 Mallory was in the eleventh electoral district of his state in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he took up his new mandate on March 4, 1837. Since he has not been confirmed in 1838, he was initially able to do only one term in Congress until March 3, 1839. Following the resignation of Mr Joel Holleman Mallory was elected at the election for the tenth seat of Virginia as his successor in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he took up his new mandate on 28 December 1840. For the regular elections of 1840 Mallory was elected in the first district of his state in Congress, where he could remain until March 3, 1843. This period was overshadowed in 1841 by the tensions between President John Tyler and the Whigs. It was also at that time already been discussed about a possible annexation of the independent Republic of Texas since 1836 by Mexico.
In 1842, Francis Mallory opted not to run again. After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives, he again worked in agriculture. Between 1850 and 1853 he worked as a Navy Agent with the Port Authority in Norfolk. From 1853 to 1855 and the years 1857 and 1858 he sat in the House of Representatives from Virginia. From 1853 to 1859 he was also president of the railroad company Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad. He died on 26 March 1860 in Norfolk.