John J. Allen (judge)

John James Allen ( born September 25, 1797 in Woodstock, Virginia, † September 18, 1871 in Fincastle, Virginia) was an American lawyer and politician. Between 1833 and 1835 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.


John Allen was the younger brother of Congressman Robert Allen ( 1794-1859 ). In the years 1810 and 1811 he attended the Dickinson College in Carlisle (Pennsylvania). Then he studied until 1815 at the Washington College in Lexington, now Washington and Lee University. After a subsequent law degree in 1819 and its recent approval as a lawyer, he first began in Campbell Court House and then to work in Clarksburg in this profession. In the 1820s he joined the movement against the future President Andrew Jackson and became a member of the short-lived National Republican Party. Between 1828 and 1830 he sat in the Senate of Virginia. Subsequently, he served as a district attorney in his home.

In the congressional elections of 1832 Allen was in the 20th electoral district of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Robert Craig on March 4, 1833. Since he has not been confirmed in 1834, he was able to complete only one term in Congress until March 3, 1835. Since the inauguration of President Jackson in 1829, was discussed inside and outside of Congress vehemently about its policy. It was about the controversial enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, the conflict with the State of South Carolina, which culminated in the Nullifikationskrise, and banking policy of the President.

After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives John Allen served 1836-1865 in various courts as judges; while he was a member from 1840 to the Supreme Court of Virginia. Thereafter he devoted himself to his now extensive property, which he managed. He died on September 18, 1871 near Fincastle.