Samuel Chilton ( born September 7, 1804 in Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia; † January 14, 1867 ) was an American politician. Between 1843 and 1845 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Even as a child moved with his parents Samuel Chilton to Missouri, where he attended a private school. After a subsequent law degree in 1826 and its recent approval as a lawyer, he started in Warrenton to work in this profession. Politically, he was a member of the Whig party. In the congressional elections of 1842 he was in the ninth constituency of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter on March 4, 1843. Until March 3, 1845, he was able to complete a term in Congress. He campaigned for the abolition of imprisonment for debtors. His time as a congressman was marked by tensions between President John Tyler and the Whigs. It was also at that time already been discussed about a possible annexation of the independent Republic of Texas since 1836 by Mexico.
Early 1850s Chilton joined the American Party. In the years 1850 and 1851 he was a delegate at a meeting on the revision of the Constitution of Virginia. Otherwise, he practiced as a lawyer again. In 1859 he was to defend John Brown after his raid at Harpers Ferry. This but refused it as his legal representative. Samuel Chilton died on January 14, 1867 in his home town of Warrenton, where he was also buried.