John Randolph of Roanoke

John Randolph of Roanoke ( also simple: John Randolph, born June 2, 1773 in Cawsons today: Hopewell, Virginia; † May 24, 1833 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ) was an American politician and planter.


John Randolph complaining that the descendants of Pocahontas shaft. He was the son of John and Frances Randolph, a wealthy family of tobacco planters of Virginia. He fell ill early tuberculosis, but survived and eventually studied law in Philadelphia. Many of his ancestors had been active politically, it was only logical for him as he was in 1799 with 26 self-selected representatives in the House of Representatives of the United States.

John Randolph was neither married nor had children. After his death, his remains were first buried in the estate Roanoke in Charlotte County; later was an overpass on the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.


John Randolph was a conservative politician who spoke out for strong individual states within the federal structure of the United States Constitution and a strong bond propagated. After a partisan of Thomas Jefferson, he was initially the Democratic-Republican Party, he split off with a few others as " Old Republicans " because they saw the values ​​at risk.

John Randolph opposed it against the British -American War of 1812, and turned against the Missouri Compromise over slavery. He was one of the initiators for the resettlement of former slaves in Africa ( Liberia) and left all his slaves in his will freely.

John Randolph was in his time in the House of Representatives Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means during his second to fourth term. His office hours were:

  • 1799-1803: 7th District
  • 1803-1813: 15th District
  • 1815-1817: 16th District
  • 1819-1821: 16th District
  • 1823-1825: District 21
  • 1827-1829: District 21
  • 1833: District 21

From 1825 to 1827 was John Randolph U.S. Senator for the state of Virginia. Between May and September 1830, he filled in succession to Henry Middleton from the position of U.S. ambassador to Russia.