Joseph Eggleston (* November 24, 1754 in Middlesex County, Virginia; † February 13, 1811 in Amelia County, Virginia ) was an American politician. Between 1798 and 1801 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
At the age of four years, Joseph Eggleston came to the plantation of his father. He enjoyed a private school and then attended until 1776, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg. Eggleston joined in the American Revolution and served as a captain and later as a major in a cavalry unit ( Lee's Light Horse Cavalry ), who belonged to the Continental Army. After the war he worked in agriculture on the plantation of his father. After his death in 1792 he inherited his possessions, which he expanded on. At the same time he embarked on a political career. Between 1785 and 1788, and again from 1791 to 1799 he sat in the House of Representatives from Virginia. End of the 1790s he became a member of, founded by Thomas Jefferson Democratic- Republican Party.
Following the resignation of Mr William Branch Giles Eggleston was elected in the by-election due to the ninth seat of Virginia as his successor in the then meeting in Philadelphia U.S. House of Representatives, where he took up his new mandate on December 3, 1798. After a re-election, he could remain until March 3, 1801 Congress. During this time, in 1800, the new federal capital, Washington DC related. In 1800, he renounced another candidacy.
After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives to Eggleston operated again on its agricultural estates. Since 1801, he was also justice of the peace in his home. He died on February 13, 1811 in Amelia County. Joseph Eggleston was married twice and had five children. His nephew, William S. Archer (1789-1855) representing the State of Virginia in both Kammerns of Congress.