Hugh Nelson (congressman)

Hugh Nelson ( born September 30, 1768 in Yorktown, Virginia, † March 18, 1836 in Albemarle County, Virginia ) was an American politician. Between 1811 and 1823 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Hugh Nelson was the son of Governor Thomas Nelson ( 1738-1798 ). He attended the common schools and then studied until 1780 at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg. Later, he embarked on a political career. From 1786 to 1791 Nelson sat in the Senate of Virginia. End of the 1790s he became a member of, founded by Thomas Jefferson Democratic- Republican Party. Between 1805 and 1809, and again in 1828 and 1829 he was a member of the House of Representatives from Virginia. In the meantime, he was a judge at the General Court

In the congressional elections of 1810 Nelson was in the 21st electoral district of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of David S. Garland on March 4, 1811. After five elections he could remain until his resignation on January 14, 1823 in Congress. Since 1813 he represented there as the successor of John Clopton 22 district of his state. During three legislative periods Nelson was chairman of the Judiciary Committee. In his time as a congressman of the British -American War fell from 1812.

Nelson's resignation as congressman took place after his appointment as U.S. ambassador to Spain by President James Monroe. This office he held as a successor to John Forsyth between 15 January 1823 to 23 November 1824. He died on March 18, 1836 at his estate in Albemarle County Belvoir.