Hugh Caperton (* April 17, 1781 in Greenbrier County, Virginia; † February 9, 1847 in Monroe County, Virginia ) was an American politician. Between 1813 and 1815 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Hugh Caperton was born in what is now West Virginia. About his youth and education, nothing is handed down. He worked as a planter and in trade. In 1805 he was sheriff in Monroe County. Politically, he joined the Federalist Party. Between 1810 and 1813 he sat in the House of Representatives from Virginia. In the congressional elections of 1812, Caperton was in the seventh election district of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Joseph Lewis on March 4, 1813. Until March 3, 1815, he was able to complete a term in Congress. This was marked by the events of the British -American War.
After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives Hugh Caperton again worked in agriculture and trade. Between 1826 and 1830 he was again a deputy in the state legislature of Virginia. He died on February 9, 1847 at his estate in Elmwood Monroe County. His son Allen (1810-1876) was a U.S. Senator for West Virginia.