Joseph William Chinn (* November 16, 1798 at Nuttsville, Lancaster County, Virginia; † December 5, 1840 in Richmond, Virginia ) was an American politician. Between 1831 and 1835 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Joseph Chinn attended until 1819, the Union College in Schenectady (New York). After a subsequent law school in Needham and his 1821 was admitted to the bar he began to work in Lancaster County in this profession. At the same time he proposed as a follower of Andrew Jackson launched a political career. Later he became a member of the Democratic Party, founded by this. Between 1826 and 1828 Chinn sat in the House of Representatives from Virginia; 1829 to 1831 he was a member of the State Senate.
In the congressional elections of 1830 Chinn was in the 13th electoral district of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of John Taliaferro on March 4, 1831. After a re-election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1835 two legislative sessions. Since 1833 he represented there as a successor to William F. Gordon the tenth district of his state. Also since 1833, he was Chairman of the Committee for the administration of the Federal District District of Columbia. Since the inauguration of President Jackson in 1829, was discussed inside and outside of Congress vehemently about its policy. It was about the controversial enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, the conflict with the State of South Carolina, which culminated in the Nullifikationskrise, and banking policy of the President.
After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives Joseph Chinn practiced in Richmond, the capital of Virginia, as a lawyer. He died on December 5, 1840 at his estate Vilnius near Richmond, where he was also buried.