John Roane (* February 9, 1766 in King William County, Virginia; † November 15, 1838 ) was an American politician. Between 1809 and 1837 he represented several times the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
John Roane attended the public schools of his home. In 1788 he was a member of a meeting on the revision of the Constitution of Virginia. From 1788 to 1790, and again in 1790 he sat in the House of Representatives from Virginia. Politically, he joined the end of the 1790s by Thomas Jefferson founded the Democratic-Republican Party. In the congressional elections of 1808 he was in the eleventh electoral district of his state in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of James M. Garnett on March 4, 1809. After two re- election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1815 three legislative periods. Since 1813, he acted as the successor of Burwell Bassett the twelfth district of his state. In this time the British -American War fell from 1812.
After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives, John Roane operated in agriculture. In the 1820s he joined the movement to Andrew Jackson and became a member of the Democratic Party, founded in 1828 by this. In the elections of 1826 Roane was re-elected in the twelfth district of Virginia in the Congress, where he was able to complete two other legislative periods between 4 March 1827 to the March 3, 1831. After an interruption of one term he spent between 4 March 1835 to 3 March 1837 final term in Parliament. Since the inauguration of President Jackson in 1829, was discussed inside and outside of Congress vehemently about its policy. It was about the controversial enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, the conflict with the State of South Carolina, which culminated in the Nullifikationskrise, and banking policy of the President.
John Roane died on November 15, 1838 at his estate Uppowac in King William County. His son John (1794-1869) took over in 1831 for a term of the twelfth electoral district of Virginia from his father.