Lewis Maxwell ( born April 17, 1790 at Chester County, Pennsylvania, † February 13, 1862 in West Union, Virginia ) was an American politician. Between 1827 and 1833 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Around 1800 Lewis moved Maxwell with his mother to Virginia, where he attended the public schools. After a subsequent study of law and qualifying as a lawyer, he began to work in this profession in Weston in present-day West Virginia. At the same time he embarked on a political career. In the 1820s he joined the movement against the future President Andrew Jackson and became a member of the short-lived National Republican Party. Between 1821 and 1824 he sat in the House of Representatives from Virginia.
In the congressional elections of 1826 Maxwell was in the 21st electoral district of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of William Smith on March 4, 1827. After two re- election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1833 three legislative periods. From 1829 to 1831 he headed the committee to control expenditure of the War Department. In the following session, he was head of the Audit for the Navy Department. Since the inauguration of President Jackson in 1829, was discussed inside and outside of Congress vehemently about its policy. It was about the controversial enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, the conflict with the State of South Carolina, which culminated in the Nullifikationskrise, and banking policy of the President.
In 1832, Lewis Maxwell gave up another candidacy. After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives, he practiced as a lawyer again. He also worked for the Bureau of Land Surveying and land allocation. He died on February 13, 1862 in West Union, who came to West Virginia State in the following year.