Iida (Japanese饭 田 市, - shi) is a city in southern Nagano Prefecture on the main Japanese island of Honshu. Iida is the largest city in the Ina Basin and thus also the largest city in the southern part of the prefecture designated as Nanshin.
The River Tenryu flows through the city from north to south.
Iida was founded as a castle town around 1195 Kondō Kaneie. The castle was later used by the Sakanishi family, then came 1390, the Ogasawara, which they lost in 1548 to the Takeda. Oda Nobunaga was the castle in 1582 to Mōri Hideyori, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, then 1592 to Kyogoku TakaTomo. Under the Tokugawa castle in succession 1601, the Ogasawara, 1617 Wakizaka and finally from 1672 to 1868, the Hori (堀) received back with an income of 17,000 koku last.
With the introduction of the influenced by the Prussian model modern local regulations 1889 Iida was a district town ( -machi ) in Shimo- ina circle (" sub - Ina " ) extended to parts of the village of Kami- Iida ( " upper Iida "). The district administration of sub - Ina was already set 1878/79 in the final division of the circle Ina Iida. Iida was acyclic with the merger of the former municipalities of Iida and Kamiiida on 1 April 1937 as -shi. The metropolitan area grew by more incorporations from the district in 1956, 1961, 1964, 1984, 1993 and 2005.
1947 devastated the Great Fire of Iida ( Iida taika ) the business district in the city center and destroyed about 4,000 homes.
- Street: Chūō - highway
- National road 151,152,153,256,418
- JR Iida Line: to Toyohashi and Shiojiri
- Japan Tsuyama, Japan, since 1969
- France Charleville -Mézières, France, since 1988
- Tenryūkyō (天 竜 峡)
Sons and daughters of the town
- Ando Teibi (1853-1932), Governor-General on Taiwan
- Hara Hiromu (1903-1986), graphic
- Hinatsu Konosuke (1890-1971), poet, translator and literary scholar
Adjacent Cities and Towns
- In Shizuoka-ken Shizuoka -shi
- Hamamatsu -shi
- In Shimoina -gun Iijima -machi
- Matsukawa -machi
- Takamori -machi
- Achi -mura
- Shimojo -mura
- Yasuoka -mura
- Tenryu- mura
- Takagi -mura
- Toyooka -mura
- Oshika -mura
- Nagiso -machi
- Okuwa -mura