Alfred Rowland ( born February 9, 1844 in Lumberton, Robeson County, North Carolina; † August 2, 1898 ) was an American politician. Between 1887 and 1891 he represented the state of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Alfred Rowland attended the public schools of his home. During the Civil War he was a lieutenant in the army of the Confederacy. He fell in the last year of the war in captivity, which he spent in Fort Delaware. After a subsequent law degree in 1867 and its recent approval as a lawyer, he started in Lumberton to work in this profession. In 1867 he was a notary ( Register of Deeds ) in Robeson County. Politically, he was a member of the Democratic Party. Between 1876 and 1881 he was several times as a delegate in the House of Representatives from North Carolina.
In the congressional elections of 1886, Rowland was the sixth election district of his state in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Risden Tyler Bennett on March 4, 1887. After a re-election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1891 two legislative sessions. 1890 renounced Rowland on another candidacy. In the following years he practiced as a lawyer in Lumberton. He is also passed on August 2, 1898.