Robert Pittenger studied until 1970 at the University of Texas. He then worked until 1985 for the religious missionary work Campus Crusade for Christ. In 1985 he moved to Charlotte in North Carolina, where he was active in the real estate industry. At the same time he proposed as a member of the Republican Party launched a political career. Between 2003 and 2008 he sat in the Senate of North Carolina. In 2008, he competed unsuccessfully for the office of lieutenant governor of his state.
In the congressional elections of 2012, Pittenger was the ninth constituency of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of not more candidates Sue Wilkins Myrick on January 3, 2013. In the election, he sat down with nearly 52 percent of the vote against by Jennifer Roberts of the Democratic Party.