Archibald McNeill (* in Moore County, North Carolina, † 1849 in Arizona ) was an American politician. Between 1821 and 1823, and again from 1825 to 1827, he represented the state of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.
The date of birth of Archibald McNeill is unknown; also give about his early years, the sources inconclusive. Since 1808, he was politically active in North Carolina. In the years 1808 and 1809 he sat as an MP in the House of Representatives from North Carolina. Between 1811 and 1813, and again from 1820 to 1821 he was in the state Senate. This McNeill was a member of the Federalist Party. In the congressional elections of 1820 he was in the seventh constituency of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he succeeded John Culpepper took on March 4, 1821 of his successor in Congress should be two years later.
After the dissolution of the federalists McNeill joined the Democratic-Republican Party, in which he belonged to the faction of the future President Andrew Jackson. In the elections of 1824 McNeill was elected again in the seventh district of his state in Congress, where he Culpepper replaced again on March 4, 1825. Until March 3, 1827 he was able to spend another term in the U.S. House of Representatives, which was marked by the tensions between supporters and opponents of Andrew Jackson. In 1827 he was again displaced by John Culpepper from his office.
After retiring from Congress Archibald McNeill retired from politics. In 1836 he settled in the newly independent Republic of Mexico Texas. In connection with the gold rush in California, he voted in 1849 the leader of a group of about 100 people who set out from Texas on the way to California. The group got into the Arizona desert in a sandstorm, in which McNeill and most of his men were killed.