Joseph Pearson Caldwell

Joseph Pearson Caldwell ( * March 5, 1808 in Olin, Iredell County, North Carolina, † June 30, 1853 in Statesville, North Carolina ) was an American politician. Between 1849 and 1853 he represented the state of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Joseph Caldwell attended the Bethany Academy near Statesville. After a subsequent study of law and qualifying as a lawyer, he started to work there in his new profession. At the same time he embarked on a political career. In the years 1833 and 1834 he sat in the Senate of North Carolina. Between 1838 and 1844 he was a member of the House of Representatives of that State. Politically, he was a member of the founded in the 1830s Whig party.

In the congressional elections of 1848 he was in the second constituency of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Nathaniel Boyden on March 4, 1849. After a re-election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1853 two legislative sessions. There then began the discussions that preceded the Civil War. It was about the issue of slavery and the rights of individual states to the federal government.

In 1852, Joseph Caldwell renounced a new Congress candidacy. He died only a few months after the end of its term on June 30, 1853 in Statesville, where he was also buried.