James Holland (American politician)

James Holland (* 1754 in Rutherfordton, Rutherford County, North Carolina, † May 19 1823 in Maury County, Tennessee ) was an American politician. Between 1795 and 1797, and again from 1801 to 1811, he represented the state of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.


James Holland received a below average school education. During the Revolutionary War, he was at times a major in the state militia of North Carolina and a member of the Continental Army. Between July 1777 and July 1778, he served as sheriff in Tryon County. In the years 1780-1800 he was among its other functions, also justice of the peace in Rutherford County. In this district it was from 1782 to 1785 also auditor ( Comptroller ). 1783 Holland was elected to the Senate from North Carolina. In 1786 and 1789 he sat as an MP in the House of Representatives of his State. In 1789 he was a delegate to the meeting at which the United States Constitution was ratified for North Carolina. In addition, Holland was from 1789 to 1795 curator of the University of North Carolina. After studying law and its made ​​in 1793 admitted to the bar he began to work in Rutherfordton in this profession.

The mid- 1790s, James Holland joined, founded by Thomas Jefferson Democratic- Republican Party. In the congressional elections of 1794, he was elected in the third constituency of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he became the successor of Joseph McDowell on March 4, 1795. Since he resigned in 1796 to further candidacy, he was initially able to do only one term in Congress until March 3, 1797.

After his retirement from the U.S. House of Representatives, he again worked as a lawyer and in agriculture. In the year 1797 he was again a member of the Senate of North Carolina. In the elections of 1800 Holland was elected to Congress again in the tenth district of his home state, where he replaced Richard Spaight on March 4, 1801. After four re- elections in 1802 newly eleventh district, he could spend up to 3 March 1811, five other legislatures in Congress. In this time fell in 1803 by President Jefferson incurred Louisiana Purchase, by which the territory of the United States has increased significantly. 1804, the Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified.

In 1810 James Holland opted not to run again. After the end of his last term in Congress, he moved to Tennessee, where he settled down later in Maury County. There he worked in agriculture. From 1812 to 1818 he worked in his new home as a justice of the peace. James Holland died on 19 May 1823 his estate in Maury County.