William R. King

William Rufus DeVane King ( born April 7, 1786 Sampson County, North Carolina, † April 18, 1853 in Dallas County, Alabama ) was an American politician and long 45 days in 1853 up to his death, the 13th Vice President of the United States under President Franklin Pierce.


King completed a degree in law at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill from 1803 and was successfully admitted to the bar in 1806. From 1807 to 1809 he was a member of the House of Representatives from North Carolina, beginning in 1811, he was elected as a member of the Democratic-Republican Party three times in the House of Representatives of the United States until he gave up his seat in the fall of 1816 to enter as a diplomat his European home to represent. King served first in Naples, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and later in the Russian capital Saint Petersburg as secretary of legation.

In 1818 he returned to the United States, moved to the just constituent state of Alabama, was elected there in the Constituent Assembly of the territory and after admission to the Union as a state in 1819, the first senator of Alabama in Congress. After the breakup of the Democratic-Republican Party mid- 1820s he was a partisan of Andrew Jackson; as such, he was repeatedly re-elected until 1844, King went back into the diplomatic service, to represent his country as ambassador in France.

After his return he was in 1848, now. , As a member of the Democrats, in turn, Senator from Alabama He became chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee, until he gave in late 1852 due to health reasons from his position.

At this time he was already elected, but not yet imported into office Vice President of the United States. King went for the winter 1852/53 to a cure to Cuba; his poor health prevented in the spring of 1853, even attending the inauguration ceremony of the President on March 4 in Washington. Since it was clear that King himself would not return to Washington, he was introduced in Havana, Cuba in his own office as Vice- President. Specially Congress enacted a special law.

In April 1853 King returned to his plantation King 's Bend in Dallas County back to die. He died on April 18 after 45 days in office, without even having made ​​an official act. The Office of the Vice President remained until the end of Pierce's term of office in March 1857 unoccupied, because this office could only be occupied by the popular election at intervals of four years before the 25th Amendment to the Constitution of 1967.


Some historians are of the opinion that King lived in a homosexual relationship duration for later President James Buchanan. Both were single and lived for 16 years in an apartment in Washington. King was dubbed by President Jackson as "Miss Nancy ", a term for homosexuals.