John Sherman ( born May 10, 1823 in Lancaster, Ohio; † October 22, 1900 in Washington, DC ) was an American politician. He belonged to the federal cabinet as finance and foreign ministers and represented the state of Ohio in both chambers of Congress.
John Sherman was the son of Charles Robert Sherman, a judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio. He died already in 1829. His brother was William T. Sherman, a high-ranking general in the Civil War. Sherman initially operated from 1844 as a lawyer. In 1848 he married the daughter of a judge, Margaret Sarah Stewart. In 1848 he was a delegate to the Whig Party for the election of Zachary Taylor as President. In 1852 he was again Delegate election in the Electoral College. From 1855 to 1861 he sat in the U.S. House of Representatives. In 1861 he moved to the Senate, and remained there for Ohio until 1877, when he joined the U.S. government. There he began as finance minister in the cabinet of President Rutherford B. Hayes in the term of office from 1877 to 1881.
He tried himself in 1880 Republican Presidential candidate as a compromise candidate between Ulysses S. Grant - who should be proposed for the third time - and to be James G. Blaine. The nomination finally got his own campaign manager, the deputy James A. Garfield. Sherman moved back to the Senate and there took the place of the previously selected for Ohio Garfield. As chairman of the Senate Republican faction he officiated in the periods 1884-1885 and 1891-1897, as chairman of the influential Foreign Policy Committee from 1886 to 1893 and from 1895 to 1897.
President William McKinley appointed Sherman in 1897 as foreign minister in his cabinet, where he remained until 1898. He was also the author of the 1890 enacted Sherman Antitrust Act.