Joseph Vance ( born March 21, 1786 in Catfish, Washington County, Pennsylvania; † August 24, 1852 in Urbana, Ohio ) was an American politician and from 1836 to 1838 the 13th Governor of the state of Ohio.
Joseph Vance moved in 1788 with his father in Vanceburg, Kentucky. There he attended the local schools. He then worked as a salt merchant. He also came into the regions of the Northwest Territory. In 1805 he settled there in Urbana, where he worked as a farmer. During the war of 1812 Vance fought in the ranks of the militia, where he advanced from Major to Major General.
Between 1812 and 1816, and from 1819 to 1820 was Vance deputy in the House of Representatives from Ohio. In 1820 he was a member of a conference to revise the state constitution. Between 1821 and 1835, he represented his state in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington. There he was a member of several committees. During this time, Vance joined the Whig party to. In 1836 he was elected as the first candidate of that party for governor of Ohio, where he prevailed with 51.6 percent of the vote to Democrat Eli Baldwin.
Vance took up his new post on 12 December 1836. In his two-year tenure of the channel expansion in Ohio was further promoted and initiated a school reform in the way. Vance campaigned for the abolition of the death penalty. When he surrendered an escape helper for slaves to the state of Kentucky, lost among the abolitionists in Ohio prestige. This cost him reelection in 1838.
Between 1839 and 1841 Vance sat in the Senate of Ohio; 1843-1847 he was again at the U.S. House of Representatives. Then he was a delegate to the Whig National Convention, which was held in Baltimore in June 1852. Joseph Vance died in August of the same year in Urbana. He was married to Mary Lemen.