Emery D. Potter

Emery Davis Potter ( born October 7, 1804 in Providence, Rhode Iceland, † February 12, 1896 in Toledo, Ohio) was an American lawyer and politician. Between 1843 and 1845, and again from 1849 to 1851, he represented the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Emery Potter visited the native district school and a school in Herkimer County, New York. After a subsequent study of law in Cooperstown and his 1833 was admitted as a lawyer, he started working there in his profession. In 1834 he moved his residence and his law firm to Toledo in Ohio. As a result, he became a judge for the northern districts of this state. Between 1834 and 1843 he was also Chief Judge of the Appellate Court in the 13th Judicial District of Ohio. Politically, he joined the Democratic Party.

In the congressional elections of 1842 Potter was in the fifth electoral district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of William Doan on March 4, 1843. Since he resigned in 1844 to further candidacy, he was initially able to do only one term in Congress until March 3, 1845. This period was characterized by the tensions between President John Tyler and the Whigs. It was also at that time already been discussed about a possible annexation of the independent Republic of Texas since 1836 by Mexico.

From 1846 to 1848 Emery Potter served as mayor of Toledo. He was also from 1848 to 1850 deputy in the House of Representatives from Ohio. In the 1848 elections, he was re-elected in the fifth district of his state in Congress, where he replaced William Sawyer on March 4, 1849 which was four years before there become his successor. Since he did not run in 1850, he could again spend only one term in the U.S. House of Representatives until March 3, 1851. During this time he was chairman of the Committee on Post Office and Post Roads. This period was dominated by discussions on the issue of slavery. In 1850, the introduced by Senator Henry Clay Compromise of 1850 was passed.

After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives Emery Potter again practiced as a lawyer. He refused to be transferred to him judgeship in Utah Territory. In the years 1861 and 1862 he was a legal representative of the city of Toledo. From 1864 to 1865 he was a member of the local Board of Education. Between 1874 and 1876, Emery Potter sat in the Senate of Ohio, which he was president at the time. In 1880, he withdrew into retirement. He died on February 12, 1896 in Toledo.