George H. Bender
George Harrison Bender ( born September 29, 1896 in Cleveland, Ohio, † June 18, 1961 in Chagrin Falls, Ohio) was a Republican politician from Ohio. From 1938 to 1948, from 1950 to 1954 he was a member of the House of Representatives of the United States from 1954 to 1957 he was a member of the U.S. Senate.
Childhood and youth
As the son of Joseph Bender and Anna Sir, he attended West Commerce High School, where he graduated in 1914. Bender took an early interest in politics. At the age of 15 years he collected 10,000 signatures on a petition that would encourage the former President Theodore Roosevelt to 1912 again to run for the presidency. He got the opportunity to Roosevelt to pass the petition in person.
In 1916 he was a delegate at the convention of the unsuccessful Progressive Party, who prefer it voted to dissolve itself to nominate as its own presidential candidate.
Entry into politics
1920 married Edna Bender Eckhardt. From this marriage two daughters were born. To secure his family financially, he founded, in addition to his political activities, yet diverse business enterprises. However, the policy had precedence over the commercial interests. In the same year he was elected to the Senate of Ohio, which he was a member until 1930. During this time, Bender had only limited impact. So he tried in vain to introduce a tenure-track teachers enforce. First, he was a proponent of Prohibition, but changed after the police searched his house because of an anonymous tip. In 1938 he was elected after four previously unsuccessful attempts in the U.S. House of Representatives. In 1948 he lost his seat, but could this 1950 win back for another four years.
Bender was opposed strongly against the foreign and domestic policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. His criticism he put it in the polemical book "The Challenge of 1940 ". The only aspects of Roosevelt's policies which are not blamed Bender, New Deal programs were, particularly the establishment of the Works Progress Administration, which he accepted as a temporary measure.
With the onset of the Cold War after 1945 Bender faced the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine. Although he did not question the need to help the European countries devastated by war, but did not agree that the U.S. government took a direct role and the auxiliary services controlled. He argued that the involvement of European reconstruction either at the UN or non-governmental organizations should be.
His strong party loyalty earned him the job of campaign manager for Robert A. Taft's candidacy for the presidential nomination at the Republican National Convention in 1948 and 1952.
After Taft was passed in 1953, Bender won the election for the vacant seat in the U.S. Senate by a narrow margin. As a well-known supporter of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he voted not only constantly for the initiatives of the Republicans, but also for those of the President. His earlier isolationist views from milder to a considerable extent. In addition, he also advocated more American engagement abroad, which also included assistance to countries of the former British Empire.
In the elections of 1956 he lost his seat to the popular Democrat Frank J. Listen. After leaving the Senate in 1957, he worked for a year at the Home Office. During this time, he campaigned for the inclusion of Alaska as 49th state.
1958 Bender was hired by Jimmy Hoffa for the presidency of a commission to investigate the Racketeering in the Teamsters Union. End of the year he could tell Hoffa that the union was free of corruption. His colleagues in the Commission did not share this opinion. Bender led then continued his studies, which he presented the union an extremely high fee charged.
His political successes were marred by Korruptionsvorfürfe because of his links to the union. Bender was accused of having an abbreviated study carried out in 1956, after he had received a high level of campaign contribution. In 1958, the allegations were reviewed by a Senate committee, but not sanctioned.
In 1960, he ran unsuccessfully as a delegate to the Republican National Convention and 1961 for the post in a Republican district committee. He then retreated to a self-imposed retirement and died a short time later.