Philemon Beecher (* 1775 in Kent, Connecticut, † November 30, 1839 in Lancaster, Ohio ) was an American politician. Between 1817 and 1821, and again from 1823 to 1829, he represented the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Philemon Beecher enjoyed a classical education. After a subsequent study of law and qualifying as a lawyer, he began to work in this profession. In 1801 he moved his residence and his law firm to Lancaster in Ohio. At the same time he proposed as a member of the Federalist Party, a political career. In 1803, and again from 1805 to 1807 he was a member of the House of Representatives from Ohio, as its president, he served in 1807. This year, he also strove unsuccessfully for election to the U.S. Senate. Also an application for a judgeship on the Supreme Court of Ohio was not crowned with success. He was also active in the National Guard of his State, in which he rose to be Major-General. In 1816 he became president of the Lancaster Bank for one year. After that, he was for many years one of the directors of that bank.
In the congressional elections of 1816 Beecher was in the fifth electoral district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of James Kilbourne on March 4, 1817. After a re-election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1821 two legislative sessions. In 1820 he was not re-elected. In the 1820s he joined the movement against the future President Andrew Jackson and became a member of the short-lived National Republican Party. Later he was a member of the founded in the 1830s Whig party.
In the 1822 elections, he was elected to Congress again in the then newly created ninth district of his state. After two re- election he was able to spend up to March 3, 1829 three other legislative periods. He was a supporter of President John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay. In 1828, he was not confirmed: In this election, he defeated his brother William W. Irvin. After his time in the U.S. House of Representatives Philemon Beecher again practiced as a lawyer. He died on November 30, 1839 in Lancaster.