Martin Welker ( born April 25, 1819 Knox County, Ohio, † March 15, 1902 in Wooster, Ohio) was an American lawyer and politician ( Republican), who represented the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives. From 1858 to 1860 he was its vice- governor.
After completing his school career Welker studied law and became active after his studies as well as admission to the Bar as a lawyer in Millersburg. From 1846 to 1851 he worked as an official at the Court of Holmes County. A year later, in 1852, he turned to Congress for election, but could not enforce it. In 1857 he moved to Wooster; In the same year he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Ohio on the side of Governor Salmon P. Chase.
After he was divorced after two years out of office, he was appointed Adjutant of Governor William Dennison with the rank of Colonel in August 1861. In the same year he served as Chief Military Judge ( Judge Advocate General ) of the State of Ohio. During the Civil War he led from August 1862, the supervision of the conscription practices; This year he was also deputy of the Supreme Military Commander ( Adjutant General ) in Ohio. Finally, he resigned in February 1865 itself the Union Army and served in until September of the same year with the rank of Private.
Meanwhile, Welker had 1862 once again applied for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, but was failed again. Only in 1864 that he achieved election to the Congress, where he represented the 14th legislative district of Ohio from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1871. In 1870, he decided not to run again. U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Welker 1873 a judge of the Federal District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. In this post he remained until 1889, when he retired. Between 1873 and 1890 he also served as professor of political science and international law at the Wooster University. He died in March 1902 in Wooster, and was also buried there.