William Russell (Ohio politician)

William Russell ( * 1782 in Ireland; † September 28, 1845 in Scioto County, Ohio ) was an American politician. Between 1827 and 1833, and again from 1841 to 1843, he represented the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Even in his youth was William Russell from his Irish home to Western Union in today's Ohio. He received only a limited education, and then held several local offices. In the years 1809 and 1810 and from 1811 to 1813 he sat as an MP in the House of Representatives from Ohio. Between 1819 and 1821 he was a member of the State Senate. In the 1820s he joined the movement to the future President Andrew Jackson and became a member of the Democratic Party, founded in 1828 by this.

In the congressional elections of 1826 Russell was in the fifth electoral district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of John Wilson Campbell on March 4, 1827. After two re- election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1833 three legislative periods. Since the inauguration of President Jackson in 1829, was discussed inside and outside of Congress vehemently about its policy. It was about the controversial enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, the conflict with the State of South Carolina, which culminated in the Nullifikationskrise, and banking policy of the President. In 1832, Russell was not re-elected.

After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives, he moved to Portsmouth, Ohio. During the 1830s he moved to the then newly formed Whig Party. In the elections of 1840 Russell was elected to Congress again in the seventh district of his state, where he replaced William K. Bond on March 4, 1841. Since he resigned in 1842 to run again, he could spend up to March 3, 1843 just another term in the U.S. House of Representatives. This period was overshadowed by the tensions between President John Tyler and the Whigs. It was also at that time already been discussed about a possible annexation of the independent Republic of Texas since 1836 by Mexico.

After his final retirement from Congress, William Russell moved back to his farm in Scioto County, where he died on 28 September 1845.