James Mathews (American politician)

James Mathews ( born June 4, 1805 in Liberty, Trumbull County, Ohio, † March 30, 1887 in Knoxville, Iowa ) was an American politician. Between 1841 and 1845 he represented the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives.


James Mathews attended the public schools of his home. After a subsequent law degree in 1830 and its recent approval as a lawyer, he started in Coshocton to work in this profession. At the same time he proposed as a member of the Democratic Party launched a political career. From 1832 to 1837 he sat as an MP in the House of Representatives from Ohio; in the years 1838 and 1839 he was a member of the State Senate.

In the congressional elections of 1840 Mathews was in the 13th electoral district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Daniel Parkhurst Leadbetter on March 4, 1841. After a re-election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1845 two legislative sessions. Since 1843 he represented there as a successor of Joshua Reed Giddings the 16th district of his state. This period was characterized by the tensions between President John Tyler and the Whigs. It was also at that time already been discussed about a possible annexation of the independent Republic of Texas since 1836 by Mexico.

1844 Mathews waived on another candidacy. In 1855 he moved to Knoxville, Iowa. Between 1857 and 1859 he was a prosecutor in the local Marion County. During the Civil War he served there as Provost Marshal; in the years 1869 and 1870 he was postmaster in Knoxville. He then taught for four years the tray Pomology at Iowa State College in Ames. He died on 30 March 1887 in Knoxville, where he was also buried.