Edson B. Olds

Edson Baldwin Olds ( born June 3, 1802 in Marlboro, Vermont, † January 24, 1869 in Lancaster, Ohio ) was an American politician. Between 1849 and 1855 he represented the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Edson Olds attended preparatory schools. Around the year 1820, he moved to Ohio, where he was employed for some time as a teacher. After a subsequent medical studies at the University of Pennsylvania and his 1824 was admitted as a doctor, he began to work in Kingston in this profession. In 1828 he relocated to Circleville, where he continued to practice until 1837 as a doctor. After that, he was active among others in the trade. At the same time he proposed as a member of the Democratic Party launched a political career. In the years 1842, 1843, 1845 and 1846 he was a deputy in the House of Representatives from Ohio; 1846 to 1848 he was a member of the State Senate, which he was president in 1846 and 1847.

In the congressional elections of 1848, Olds was the ninth election district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Thomas O. Edwards on March 4, 1849. After two re- election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1855 three legislative periods. Since 1853 he represented there as the successor of John Welch the twelfth district of his state. From 1851 to 1855 he was chairman of the Postal Committee. His time in Congress was marked by discussions on the issue of slavery. In 1850, the introduced by U.S. Senator Henry Clay Compromise of 1850 was passed.

In 1854, Olds was not re-elected. Since 1857 he lived in Lancaster. During the Civil War Olds was a staunch opponent of the radical wing of the Republican Party. This responded to Olds ' criticism with his arrest for lack of loyalty. When he refused to swear allegiance to the Union, he was interned in 1862 for some time in Fort Lafayette. During this time he was re-elected in absentia in the House of Representatives from Ohio. After his release, he was able to exercise this mandate 1862-1866. He also worked in the commercial again. Edson Olds died on January 24, 1869 in Lancaster, and was buried in Circleville.