Samuel Fenton Cary

Samuel Fenton Cary (* February 18, 1814 in Cincinnati, Ohio; † September 29, 1900 in College Hill, near Cincinnati, Ohio) was an American lawyer, farmer and politician ( Republican Party and Greenback Party ).


Samuel Fenton Cary attended public schools. He graduated in 1835 from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, and in 1837 at the Cincinnati Law School. After qualifying as a lawyer in the same year he began to practice in Cincinnati. Cary was elected judge of the Ohio State Supreme Court, however, decided to give up the position. He continued his activities as a lawyer until 1845. At that time he was a farmer and an opponent of slavery.

Cary 1844 Paymaster General of Ohio, a position which he held until his retirement in 1848. During this time he became increasingly a supporter of the temperance movement. In this context, he also gave his career as a lawyer in order to have more time for his lectures and writing books about slavery and Prohibition. In the following years, he traveled to Canada and Europe.

After the outbreak of the Civil War he served as screening officer of the Union Army in Cincinnati. Cary took 1864 as a delegate to the Republican National Convention in part. He was appointed in 1865 to the tax collectors in the first electoral district of Ohio. Then he was elected in 1867 as an independent Republican for the second electoral district of Ohio in the 40th U.S. Congress. Cary was there to fill the vacancy that was created by the resignation of Congressman Rutherford B. Hayes. His term of office began on 21 November 1867. Two weeks later, he was the only one Republican against impeachment of U.S. President Andrew Johnson. In addition, he had presided over the Committee on Education and Labor and was a member of the Committee on Weights and Measures. In his bid for re-election to the 41st U.S. Congress in 1868, he suffered a defeat. As a result, his term of office ended on March 3, 1869 U.S. House of Representatives. Then he ran unsuccessfully in 1875 against Thomas L. Young for the post of Lieutenant Governor of Ohio. Cary then joined the Greenback Party. The following year, he ran unsuccessfully for the post of U.S. Vice President. His running mate at the time was Peter Cooper. After this defeat, Cary moved from the political scene and spent the next twenty years writing and lecturing.


Cary was married twice, in 1836 with Maria Louia Allen and after her death in 1849 with Linda Stillwell. From the two marriages six common children were born. His brother was Freeman G. Cary, founder of Farmers' College in College Hill. Furthermore, were his cousins ​​, Alice and Phoebe Cary, nationally recognized poet.


The town of Cary, North Carolina was named after him in honor.