George White (Ohio politician)

George White ( born August 21, 1872 in Elmira, New York, † December 15, 1953 in Palm Beach, Florida ) was an American politician and from 1931 to 1935 the 52nd Governor of the state of Ohio.

Early years

Already moved in 1874 with his parents to White Titusville, Pennsylvania. There he attended the local schools. Later he studied until 1895 at Princeton University. He then worked in various positions, was among other lumberjack there, worked in the oil fields in Pennsylvania and worked for some time as a teacher. During the gold rush in Alaska, he also tried his luck in the Klondike. In 1902 he settled in Marietta (Ohio ). There he went into the oil business. He has been involved in this industry to companies in several U.S. states.

Political rise

George White was a member of the Democratic Party. Between 1905 and 1908 he was a member of the House of Representatives from Ohio. From 1911 to 1915, and again from 1917 to 1919, he had a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington. In 1920 he was chairman of the Democratic National Committee and campaign manager of James M. Cox in his unsuccessful presidential bid. For the next decade, White retired from politics and devoted himself to his oil business. In 1930, he returned as the candidate of his party for the gubernatorial elections on the political stage.

Governor of Ohio

After his election, he went to the new office on January 12, 1931, and held it after re-election in 1933 until 14 January 1935. At the beginning of his reign, the country was still deep in the Great Depression. Unemployment rose, banks collapsed and many people were starving. The governor tried to solve the problem using the tax policy. The breakthrough came for improvement but only with the New Deal policies of the federal government under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Although Ohio of Roosevelt's domestic policy benefited, White was not a friend of the president. In 1940 he even supported Wendell Willkie, the Republican opponent of Roosevelt. During White's tenure as governor, a highway police ( State Highway Patrol ) was founded in Ohio. In addition, a system to control the consumption of alcohol was introduced.

Further CV

At the end of his tenure, White devoted his private business again, but remained politically active. In 1940, he unsuccessfully sought to further his party's nomination for the gubernatorial elections. George White was also on the board of People's Banking & Trust Company in Marietta. He was married twice and had six children.