James M. Cox

James Middleton Cox ( born March 31, 1870 in Jackson, Ohio; † July 15, 1957 in Kettering, Ohio ) was an American politician, in 1920, presidential candidate of the Democrats and from 1913 to 1915 and from 1917 to 1921 Governor of the State Ohio.


Cox was born in the small village of Jacksonburg in Butler County. In the course of his life he held a number of professions. He was active as a teacher, reporter, owner and editor of several newspapers and as secretary of Congressman Paul J. Sorg.

From 1909 to 1913 Cox sat as representative of the Ohio House of Representatives of the United States. From this office he resigned in 1913 when he was first elected governor of Ohio. The Office of the Governor, he held from 1913 to 1915 and again from 1917 to 1921. As a capable and popular reformer, he was nominated by the Democrats as a candidate for the presidential election of 1920. His running mate for the office of Vice President was the future President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In the election campaign, Cox spoke in favor of retaining the internationalist policies of Woodrow Wilson and was responsible for the accession of the United States to the League of Nations. In a campaign speech Cox stopped in front of the Republicans that they did not know to appreciate the induced by Democratic President Wilson U.S. entry into the First World War, with which the civilized world has been saved.

On election day, however, Cox defeated the Republican candidate Warren G. Harding, an equally derived from Ohio U.S. Senator. The public Harding came calling for a return to normalcy after the troubled years of the presidential Wilson better as the program of Cox.

Cox was editor of the Dayton Daily News in Dayton. The conference room of the editors of this newspaper is therefore referred to today as Governor library. In addition, the Dayton International Airport is named in his honor after him.

Outside of the policy Cox managed the construction of the large media company Cox Enterprises. In December 1939, he acquired the Atlanta Georgian and the Atlanta Journal as well as a radio station in Georgia. Since he already had radio stations in Dayton and Miami at that time he now had radio frequencies from the Great Lakes in the north to the southern border of the United States.

Cox died on 15 July 1957 in his home in Kettering and was buried in Dayton. He had seven children. His daughter Anne Cox Chambers is still the main shareholder of Cox Enterprises. Together with her ​​late sister Barbara Cox in 2007, Anthony held 98 % stake in the company, with headquarters in Atlanta.


  • Cox, James M., Journey Through My Years, Simon and Schuster, 1946