Simeon D. Fess

Simeon Davison Fess (* December 11 1861 in Harrod, Ohio, † December 23, 1936 in Washington DC ) was an American politician of the Republican from Ohio.


Simeon Fess was born the son of Henry and Barbara Fess on a farm in Allen County. In 1889 he graduated from the Ohio Northern University in Ada. A year later he married Eva C. Thomas. After graduating, he gave lessons in history and law at the University and was also from 1889 to 1896 employees in the administration. In 1894, he received his law degree and was from 1896 to 1900 Dean of the Faculty. From 1900 he worked for two years in the office of Vice- President of the University. From 1902 to 1907, he completed his postgraduate studies at the University of Chicago. He then returned to Ohio and became president of Antioch College in Yellow Springs. This office he held from 1907 to 1917. He was active also as an editor and writer and was also a Methodist and Freemasons and belonged to the Knights of Pythias at.


During his tenure at Antioch College, he took 1912 as a delegate to the Constituent Assembly, the State of Ohio in part and was elected in the same year in the U.S. House of Representatives, where until 1923 he had a seat in 1913. During this time he was chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor and 1918-1922 Chairman of the National Republican Congressional Committee. In 1922, he did not stand for re-election but ran successfully for a seat in the U.S. Senate. He held from 1923 to 1935 this seat. He has worked, among other things Chairman of the Committee on the Library, and from 1929 to 1933 as the Republican Whip. 1930-1932 led Fess chair the Republican National Committee. In 1934, he ran unsuccessfully for a third term in the Senate.